Skip to Main Content
Hardwoods on pine sites: competition or antagonistic symbiosisAuthor(s): Michael D. Cain
Source: ForesrEcology and Management, 44 (1991) 147-160
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (201 B)
DescriptionEarly development of natural loblolly (Pinus taeda L.) and shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) regeneration was monitored in two research studies and two research demonstrations between 1980 and I989 in southern Arkansas. Site preparation and hardwood control incorporated the use of herbicides, mechanical treatments, or prescribed burning to facilitate the establishment of natural pine regeneration in accordance with two reproduction cutting methods - selection and shelterwood - on upland pine sites. All treatments resulted in satisfactory density and per cent stocking of pine regeneration within the first 3 years. Growth of that regeneration excelled in one research study and on one demonstration area, but was impaired on the other two areas, apparently by an overabundance of herbaceous vegetation. Where an understory and midstory hardwood cover preceded the pine reproduction cuts, herbaceous vegetation was nearly absent and subsequent growth of the pine regeneration was excellent.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationCain, Michael D. 1990. Hardwoods on pine sites: competition or antagonistic symbiosis. ForesrEcology and Management, 44 (1991) 147-160
- Regeneration Development Across a Range of Reproduction Cutting Methods in Shortleaf Pine and Pine-Hardwood Stands in the Interior Highlands
- The state of mixed shortleaf pine-upland oak management in Missouri
- Multiple treatments yield early success in a shortleaf pine woodland restoration project in the Missouri Ozarks
XML: View XML