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    Author(s): Philip M. McDonald; R. Burton Litton Jr.
    Date: 1998
    Source: Res. Paper PSW-RP-235. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 20 p
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (4.0 MB)


    On a high-quality site in the mixed conifer forest of northern California, understory and overstory vegetation along a 3-mile paved county road were manipulated to enhance the view for the traveler. Traditional silvicultural cutting methods and landscape architectural techniques were blended to give contrast and variability to the vegetation along both sides of the highway. Understory vegetation (hardwoods, shrubs, forbs, graminoids, ferns, conifer seedlings); saplings (hardwoods, conifers, shrubs); and trees (California white fir, sugar pine, coast Douglas-fir, incense-cedar, California black oak, ponderosa pine, and Pacific dogwood) were sampled before logging, after logging, after brush disposal, and 6 years later in 10 distinct visual segments along the road and in a control (untreated area). Measurements included density, foliar cover, height, basal area, and basal area growth. Plant diversity also was quantified. Major findings were that although the hardwoods and shrubs obscured about 25 percent of the view 6 years after brush disposal, the view is still vastly improved over what it was before. And with careful logging and other vegetation management, the roadside stand can yield both pleasing scenery and timber.

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    McDonald, Philip M.; Litton Jr., R. Burton. 1998. Combining Silviculture and Landscape Architecture to Enhance the Roadside View. Res. Paper PSW-RP-235. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 20 p


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    landscape management, mixed conifer forest, northern California, plant community dynamics, stand growth, view enhancement

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