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    Author(s): Philip M. McDonald; Gary O. Fiddler
    Date: 1997
    Source: Res. Paper PSW-RP-233. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 14 p
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.1 MB)


    The density and development of greenleaf manzanita, snowbrush, goldenbush (rabbitbrush), and graminoids were evaluated in a young California red fir plantation in northern California from 1986 through 1995. Manual grubbing and herbicides created treatment regimes that lasted for 3 to 6 years and vegetation recovery times of 4 to 10 years. The duration and timing of the grubbing and spraying operations constituted the treatments. Species response was mixed: greenleaf manzanita had higher average values of density, foliar cover, and height when time since disturbance was longest, snowbrush density was lowest but cover and height were highest, and values for goldenbush and graminoids in general showed no trend. In the control at the end of the study, graminoids numbered 82,350 per acre, greenleaf manzanita 10,850, goldenbush 10,800, and snowbrush 1,850 plants per acre. Foliar cover of manzanita at 7,300 ft2 per acre was more than that of all other naturally established species combined. Survival of red fir over all treatments after one growing season was 98 percent and after 10 seasons was 89 percent. Average height of red fir seedlings ranged from 3.2 feet with intensive release to 1.7 feet with no release. No release allowed greenleaf manzanita plants to be slightly taller than red fir seedlings and to place the seedlings in danger of being overtopped.

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    McDonald, Philip M.; Fiddler, Gary O. 1997. Treatment duration and time since disturbance affect vegetation development in a young California red fir plantation. Res. Paper PSW-RP-233. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 14 p


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    competing vegetation, northern California, plant succession, red fir seedlings, timing of release

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