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    Author(s): Diego Martinez; Luis Larrondo; Nik Putnam; Maarten D. Sollewijn; Maarten D. Sollewijn Gelpke; Katherine Huang; Jarrod Chapman; Kevin G. Helfenbein; Preethi Ramaiya; J. Chris Detter; Frank Larimer; Pedro M. Coutinho; Bernard Henrissat; Randy Berka; Dan Cullen; Daniel Rokhsar
    Date: 2004
    Source: Nature biotechnology. Vol. 22, no. 6 (June 2004): Pages 695-700
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (684 KB)

    Description

    White rot fungi efficiently degrade lignin, a complex aromatic polymer in wood that is among the most abundant natural materials on earth. These fungi use extracellular oxidative enzymes that are also able to transform related aromatic compounds found in explosive contaminants, pesticides and toxic waste. We have sequenced the 30-million base-pair genome of Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78 using a whole genome shotgun approach. The P. chrysosporium genome reveals an impressive array of genes encoding secreted oxidases, peroxidases and hydrolytic enzymes that cooperate in wood decay. Analysis of the genome data will enhance our understanding of lignocellulose degradation, a pivotal process in the global carbon cycle, and provide a framework for further development of bioprocesses for biomass utilization, organopollutant degradation and fiber bleaching. This genome provides a high quality draft sequence of a basidiomycete, a major fungal phylum that includes important plant and animal pathogens.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Martinez, Diego; Larrondo, Luis; Putnam, Nik; Sollewijn, Maarten D.; Sollewijn Gelpke, Maarten D.; Huang, Katherine; Chapman, Jarrod; Helfenbein, Kevin G.; Ramaiya, Preethi; Detter, J. Chris; Larimer, Frank; Coutinho, Pedro M.; Henrissat, Bernard; Berka, Randy; Cullen, Dan; Rokhsar, Daniel. 2004. Genome sequence of the lignocellulose degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78. Nature biotechnology. Vol. 22, no. 6 (June 2004): Pages 695-700

    Keywords

    Wood-destroying fungi, wood-decaying fungi, genome sequences, Phanerochaete chrysosporium

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