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Effect of processing method on surface and weathering characteristics of wood-flour/HDPE compositesAuthor(s): Nicole M. Stark; Laurent M. Matuana; Craig M. Clemons
Source: Journal of applied polymer science. Vol. 93 (2004): Pages 1021-1030
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionWood-plastic lumber is promoted as a low maintenance high-durability product. When exposed to accelerated weathering, however, wood-plastic composites may experience a color change and/or loss in mechanical properties. Different methods of manufacturing wood-plastic composites lead to different surface characteristics, which can influence weathering, In this study, 50% wood-flour filled high-density polyethylene (HDPE) composite samples were injection molded, extruded, or extruded and then planed, to remove the manufacturing surface characteristics. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to chemically show the difference in surface components. The samples were weathered in a xenon-arc weathering apparatus for 1000, 2000, and 3000 h and analyzed for color fade and loss of flexural modulus of elasticity and strength. Final color (lightness) after weathering was not dependent on the manufacturing method. However, the manufacturing method was related to mechanical property loss caused by weathering, Composites with more wood component at the surface (i.e., planed samples) experienced a larger percentage of total loss in flexural modulus of elasticity and strength after weathering.
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CitationStark, Nicole M.; Matuana, Laurent M.; Clemons, Craig M. 2004. Effect of processing method on surface and weathering characteristics of wood-flour/HDPE composites. Journal of applied polymer science. Vol. 93 (2004): Pages 1021-1030
KeywordsExtrusion, FTIR, injection molding, mechanical properties, polyethylene
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