Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): James B. Baker; Michael G. Shelton
    Date: 1998
    Source: Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 22(1):41-46.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (293 B)


    Development of 86 intermediate and suppressed loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) trees, that had been recently released from overtopping pines and hardwoods, was monitored over a 15 year period. The trees were growing in natural stands on good sites (site index = 90 ft at 50 years) that had been recently cut to stocking levels ranging from 10 to 50 percent. At time of release, the trees averaged 26 years in age, 4.8 in. in d.b.h., and 37 ft in height. The trees had averaged only 0.5 in. in d.b.h. growth the 5 years prior to release (0.1 in./yr).

    After 15 years, the 77 surviving trees averaged 59 ft in height and 12.9 in. in d.b.h., increasing 21 ft in height and 8.1 in. in d.b.h. During the 15 year period, crown dimensions of the trees increased markedly as well. On average, crown lengths increased 11 ft (from 16 to 27 ft); crown widths nearly tripled from 9 to 25ft; and crown volumes increased 11 fold from 608 to 6,700ft3. The majority of the trees had good form and would produce high-quality sawtimber. Satisfactory response to release was best predicted by initial d.b.h. and live-crown ratio.

    Results of the study suggest that trees with at least a 20 percent live-crown ratio should satisfactorily respond to release, even though they had developed in lower crown positions of fully stocked uneven-aged stands for 10 to 50 years. Responding trees rapidly expanded their crowns and accelerated in height and diameter growth.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Baker, James B.; Shelton, Michael G. 1998. Rehabilitation of Understocked Loblolly-Shortleaf Pine Stands - II. Development of Intermediate and Suppressed Trees Following Release in Natural Stands. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 22(1):41-46.

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page