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    Author(s): R. C. Musselman; D. G Fox; A. W. Schoettle; C. M. Regan
    Date: 1994
    Source: In: Musselman, R. C., technical coordinator. 1992. The Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-249. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 1-10.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.6 MB)

    Description

    Wilderness ecosystems in the United States are federally mandated and set aside by the Wilderness Act. They are managed to minimize human impact using methods that leave these systems, to the extent possible, in their natural state uninfluenced by manipulation or disruption by humans. Management often involves controlling or minimizing visual impact by enforcing strict use rules such as no roads, motorized or mechanized equipment, structures, or harvesting. In addition to human-caused impacts, natural and anthropogenic environmental stresses affect the rates and magnitudes of natural dynamic processes in natural ecosystems. These stresses can have a large effect on ecosystem structure and function. The Clean Air Act designates federally mandated wildernesses and National Parks as Class I areas to be protected from deterioration from air pollutants. Data are not available to quantify and distinguish between natural and anthropogenic factors that cause changes in wilderness ecosystems.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Musselman, R. C.; Fox, D. G; Schoettle, A. W.; Regan, C. M. 1994. Introduction [Chapter 1]. In: Musselman, R. C., technical coordinator. 1992. The Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-249. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 1-10.

    Keywords

    Snowy Range, wilderness, subalpine, krummholz, subalpine fir, Engelmann spruce, geology, floristics, landscape, soils, aquatics, atmosphere, meteorology, hydrology, snow, deposition, watershed, monitoring, air quality

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