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    Author(s): Jerry A. Powell
    Date: 1980
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-100. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (765 KB)


    There have been 18 species-group names proposed for Nearctic conifer-feeding moths in the genus Choristoneura. Of these, houstonana (Grote) and its synonym, retana (Walsingham), apply to Cupressaceae-feeding populations now assigned to Cudonigera Obraztsov & Powell. The remaining species are Pinaceae-feeders, mostly members of two series: (1) the Fumiferana complex, associated with spruces and firs (subfamily Abietoideae) and considered to consist of 5 allopatric species (with three synonyms); and (2) the Lambert ianacomplex, feeding on pines (subfamily Pinoideae) and consisting of two allopatric species, the western C. lambertiana (Busck) with three subspecies and the eastern C. pinus Freeman with two subspecies. A third group, the Carnana complex, is believed to be associated with Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga). Its populations occur in California , with two named races, sympatric with elements of both the Abietoideae- and Pinoideae- feeding complexes. One named entity, spaldingiana Obraztsov, in Utah, is of unknown affinities.

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    Powell, Jerry A. 1980. Nomenclature of nearctic conifer-feeding choristoneura (Lepidoptera: tortricidae): historical review and present status. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-100. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 18 p


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    Nomenclature (insect), Choristoneura

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