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    Author(s): Daniel L. Bottom; Gordon H. Reeves; Martha H. Brookes
    Date: 1996
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-370. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 54 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (701 KB)

    Description

    Throughout their history, conservation science and sustainable-yield management have failed to maintain the productivity of living resources. Repeated overexploitation of economic species, loss of biological diversity, and degradation of regional environments now call into question the economic ideas and values that have formed the foundation of scientific management of natural resources. In particular, management efforts intended to maximize production and ensure efficient use of economic "resources" have consistently degraded the larger support systems upon which these and all other species ultimately depend. This series of essays examines the underlying historical, cultural, and philosophical issues that undermine sustainability and proposes alternative approaches to conservation. These approaches emphasize the relations among populations rather than among individuals; the integrity of whole ecosystems across longer time frames; the importance of qualitative as well as quantitative indicators of human welfare and sustainability; and the unpredictable and interdependent interactions among "natural," scientific, and regulatory processes.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Bottom, Daniel L.; Reeves, Gordon H.; Brookes, Martha H., tech. coords. 1996. Sustainability issues for resource managers. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-370. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 54 p.

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    Keywords

    Environmental ethics, environmental history, fisheries management, resource conservation, resource economics, sustainability

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