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    Author(s): David Hosford; David Pilz; Randy Molina; Michael Amaranthus
    Date: 1997
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-412. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 68 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (905 KB)


    The commercial harvest of American matsutake (Tricholoma magnivelare) from forests in the Pacific Northwest has increased dramatically in the last decade. The similarity of this mushroom to the Japanese matsutake (T. matsutake) has prompted its harvest to meet increasing demands for matsutake in Japan. The American matsutake is likely to remain a sustainable forest product in North America if its harvest and forest habitats are managed appropriately.

    This summary paper begins by reviewing the historical importance of the Japanese matsutake, its declining production and harvest in Japan, the taxonomy of matsutake species worldwide, ecological research pioneered by the Japanese, and how Japanese forests are managed for matsutake production. Our discussion of the American matsutake begins with descriptions of its distribution, tree hosts, and commercially important habitats, which is followed by a case study of its ecology in central Washington. Next, we examine the social and economic context of its harvest in North America, as well as the biological, ecological and forest management issues that land managers must address to sustain its harvest. We conclude by discussing current matsutake research and monitoring activities in the Pacific Northwest and explaining the relevance of these activities for integrating the harvest of the American matsutake into forest ecosystem management plans.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Hosford, David; Pilz, David; Molina, Randy; Amaranthus, Michael. 1997. Ecology and management of the commercially harvested American matsutake. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-412. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 68 p.


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    Matsutake (American), mushroom, forest management, mycology, fungi, mycorrhiza, special forest products, nonwood forest products

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