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    This study investigated the adoption of low-grade lumber in the secondary hardwood industry. Factors influencing decisions regarding the utilization of low-grade lumber were identified and value-added opportunities to increase the use of low-grade lumber among manufacturers currently using higher grades were evaluated. Data were collected via a nationwide mail survey of secondary hardwood manufacturers. The single most important barrier to the adoption of low-grade lumber among secondary hardwood manufacturers is "low yield." Larger manufacturers and trade association members were found to utilize the lower grades at higher percentages when compared to smaller manufacturers and non-members. Value-added activities designed to enhance the useability of low-grade lumber should focus on decreasing processing variability in secondary operations.

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    Smith, Robert L.; Pohle, Wibke; Araman, Philip; Cumbo, Dan. 2004. Characterizing the adoption of low-grade hardwood lumber by the secondary wood processing industry. Forest Products Journal, Vol. 54, No. 12, p. 15-23, December 2004

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