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    Author(s): Bryce J. Stokes; Alvin Schilling
    Date: 1997
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 90: 155-160.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (274 B)


    Environmentally acceptable and economical forest operations are needed for sustainable management of forest resources. Improved methods for harvesting and transporting timber are especially needed for wet sites. As the demand for hardwood lumber continues to increase, improved and alternative methods are needed to ensure acceptance of timber harvesting for the wet site conditions that are typical of bottomland hardwoods. Some alternative technological developments include grapple saw feller-bunchers, wide tires, larger forwarders. clambunk skidders, two-stage hauling, mats, cable systems, helicopters and towed vehicles, and air-cushioned vehicles. These developments have the potential to improve the performance of the harvesting system and to reduce the negative effects of conventional operations on conventional sites and on difficult sites such as wet areas. Although many of these new alternatives are now operational, others are just concepts or evolving prototypes. More research is still needed to optimize these alternative technologies and to reduce costs associated with their implementation.

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    Stokes, Bryce J.; Schilling, Alvin. 1997. Improved harvesting systems for wet sites. Forest Ecology and Management. 90: 155-160.

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