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Spatial variation in armouring in a channel with high sediment supplyAuthor(s): T. E. Lisle; M. A. Madej
Source: In: P. Billi, R.D. Hey, C.R. Thorne, and P. Tacconi (ed.), Dynamics of Gravel-bed Rivers. John Wiley and Sons, London. p. 277-293.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionAbstract - Recent advances in our understanding of the origin and function of armouring in gravel-bed rivers have not addressed the role of non-uniformity and unsteadiness of flow. These flow attributes have important influences on both the surface and subsurface bed material size distributions which are observed at low flow, from which we commonly make inferences concerning bedload transport at high flow. Bed armouring, measured as the ratio of surface to subsurface bed material grain size, is highly variable spatially in a channel in which past and present bed aggradation indicates that the sediment supply has exceeded the transport capacity. Alternate bar topography induces strong variations in boundary shear stress, especially at low flow. The resulting winnowing of fine sediment from zones of high stress, such as riffles, and its deposition as thin sheets in zones of low stress, such as pools, produce wide variations in armouring. Linked winnowing and deposition of fine sediment in each bar pool sequence creates pronounced, local, streamwise sorting by grain size.
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CitationLisle, T. E.; Madej, M. A. 1992. Spatial variation in armouring in a channel with high sediment supply. In: P. Billi, R.D. Hey, C.R. Thorne, and P. Tacconi (ed.), Dynamics of Gravel-bed Rivers. John Wiley and Sons, London. p. 277-293.
KeywordsPSW4351, armouring, gravel bed, aggradation, sediment supply, transport capacity, bedload transport, boundary shear stress
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