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    Author(s): Thomas E. Lisle; Yantao Cui; Gary Parker; James E. Pizzuto; Annjanette M. Dodd
    Date: 2001
    Source: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26(13): 1409-1420.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (252 KB)


    Abstract - Bed material waves are temporary zones of sediment accumulation created by large sediment inputs. Recent theoretical, experimental and field studies examine factors in fluencing dispersion and translation of bed material waves in quasi-uniform, gravel-bed channels. Exchanges of sediment between a channel and its floodplain are neglected. Within these constraints, two factors influence relative rates of dispersion and translation: (1) interactions between wave topography, flow and bed load transport; and (2) particle-size differences between wave material and original bed material. Our results indicate that dispersion dominates the evolution of bed material waves in gravel-bed channels. Significant translation requires a low Froude number, which is uncharacteristic of gravel-bed channels, and low wave amplitude which, for a large wave, can be achieved only after substantial dispersion. Wave material of small particle size can promote translation, but it primarily increases bed load transport rate and thereby accelerates wave evolution. Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    Lisle, Thomas E.; Cui, Yantao; Parker, Gary; Pizzuto, James E.; Dodd, Annjanette M. 2001. The dominance of dispersion in the evolution of bed material waves in gravel-bed rivers. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26(13): 1409-1420.


    PSW4351, bed material waves, bed load, gravel-bed rivers

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