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Thermally stratified pools and their use by steelhead in northern California streamsAuthor(s): Jennifer L. Nielsen; Thomas E. Lisle; Vicki Ozaki
Source: Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 613-626.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionAbstract - Thermal stratification occurred in pools of three rivers in northern California when inflow of cold water was sufficiently great or currents were sufficiently weak to prevent thorough mixing of water of contrasting temperatures. Surface water temperatures in such pools were commonly 3-9°C higher than those at the bottom. Cold water entered pools from tributaries, intergravel flow through river bars, and streamside subsurface sources. In Redwood and Rancheria Creeks, cold water was protected where gravel bars encroached into pools that were scoured along bedrock banks, creating isolated backwaters. Sixty-five percent of the juvenile steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss found in the Rancheria Creek study reaches moved into adjacent stratified pools during periods of high ambient stream temperatures (23-28°C).
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CitationNielsen, Jennifer L.; Lisle, Thomas E.; Ozaki, Vicki 1994. Thermally stratified pools and their use by steelhead in northern California streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 613-626.
KeywordsPSW4351, pools, steelhead, streams, California, Oncorhynchus mykiss, thermal statrification, sediment, stream temperatures
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