Skip to Main Content
Fifty years of partial harvesting in a mixed mesophytic forest: composition and productivityAuthor(s): Thomas M. Schuler
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 34: 985-997.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
Download Publication (7.75 MB)
DescriptionLong-term silvicultural trials contribute to sustainable forest management by providing a better scientific understanding of how forest ecosystems respond to periodic timber harvesting. In this study, species composition, diversity, and net periodic growth of tree species in a mixed mesophytic forest in the central Appalachians were evaluated after about a half century of management. Three partial cutting practices on 18 research compartments and on 3 unmanaged reference compartments were evaluated (1951-2001) on 280 ha. Single-tree selection, diameter-limit harvesting, and timber harvesting in 0.162-ha patches were assessed on three northern red oak site indexso (SI) classes: 24, 21, and 18. Shannon-Weiner's diversity index (H') declined from the first (1951-1959) to last (1987- 2001) measurements and was related to both SI (P = 0.004) and treatment (P = 0.009). Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) and red maple (Acer rubrum L.) were the two most abundant species in recent years (1987-2001& in contrast, in initial inventories (1951-1959), northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and chestnut oak (Quercus prinus L.) were most abundant. Net periodic annual increment (PAI) of merchantable trees (DBH 112.7 cm) was related to both SI (P = 0.004) and treatment (P = 0.003). Mean PA1 ranged from 4.6 m3.ha-'.year-' for single-tree selection to 2.5 m3.ha-'.year-' for unmanaged reference areas across all SI classes. The decline of oak species suggests that only intensive and specific forest management focused on maintaining oak species can obtain historical levels of diversity.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
CitationSchuler, Thomas M. 2004. Fifty years of partial harvesting in a mixed mesophytic forest: composition and productivity. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 34: 985-997.
- Species composition changes under individual tree selection cutting in cove hardwoods
- Patterns of woody species composition on the Fernow Experimental Forest and adjacent portions of the Otter Creek Wilderness Area
- Early stand development in a red oak-paper birch stand regenerated through the shelterwood system in northern Wisconsin
XML: View XML