Skip to Main Content
Determining sample size for tree utilization surveysAuthor(s): Stanley J. Zarnoch; James W. Bentley; Tony G. Johnson
Source: Res. Pap. SRS-034. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 11 p.
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Southern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (137 KB)
DescriptionThe U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service has conducted many studies to determine what proportion of the timber harvested in the South is actually utilized. This paper describes the statistical methods used to determine required sample sizes for estimating utilization ratios for a required level of precision. The data used are those for 515 hardwood and 1,557 softwood trees harvested in east Texas and classified into 5 product types. Two-stage sampling was used to collect the utilization data. The primary units were the logging operation locations and the secondary units were the trees within locations. The ratio of means estimator was used to calculate each of three utilization ratios. How ever, for simplicity, the mean of ratios approach was used to develop the statistical methodology for estimating sample sizes for a specified level of precision, defined as half the width of the 95-percent confidence interval. The infinite population model was used and variance components for the two-stage nested analysis of variance were obtained using PROC MIXED. The three utilization ratios were computed for all product classes for hardwoods and softwoods, as were the standard errors and 95-percent confidence intervals. The variance components were then obtained and used to develop tables that yield sample size scenarios based on specified levels of precision.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationZarnoch, Stanley J.; Bentley, James W.; Johnson, Tony G. 2004. Determining sample size for tree utilization surveys. Res. Pap. SRS-034. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 11 p.
KeywordsMean of ratios, PROC MIXED, ratio of means, two-stage sampling
- Variance estimates and confidence intervals for the Kappa measure of classification accuracy
- Statistical properties of measures of association and the Kappa statistic for assessing the accuracy of remotely sensed data using double sampling
- A Pilot Sampling Design for Estimating Outdoor Recreation Site Visits on the National Forests
XML: View XML