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    Author(s): R.W. Hemingway; G.W. McGraw; S.J. Barras
    Date: 1977
    Source: Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 25(717-722
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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    Since Ceratocystis minor is central to the death of pines infested by southern pine beetles, changes in polyphenols of infected loblolly pine were examined with regard to accumulation of fungal metabolites and changes in concentrations of fungitoxic and fungistatic phloem and xylem constitutents. C. minor grown in liquid culture produced 6,8-dihydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-1H-2-benzopyran-l-one (I), 6,8-dihydroxy-3-methyl-1H-2-benzopyran-l-one (II), and 3,6,8-trihydroxy-3,4-dihydro-l-(2H)-naphthalenone (III). Isocoumarin II appeared in both phloem and xylem of loblolly pine bolts within 7 to 10 days after inoculation with C. minor. Isocoumarin I was evident in both phloem and xylem after 14 to 17 days of incubation. The α-tetralone III was not detected in either phloem or xylem. The condensed tannins, catechin, and flavanonols were degraded by C. minor. The stilbenes pinosylvin, pinosylvin monomethyl ether, and a compound tentatively identified as resveratrol initially accumulated, but their concentrations also diminished in later periods of incubation.

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    Hemingway, R.W.; McGraw, G.W.; Barras, S.J. 1977. Polyphenols in ceratocystis minor infected Pinus Taeda: fungal metabolites, phloem, and xylem phenols. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 25(717-722

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