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    Author(s): C. -Y. Hse
    Date: 1972
    Source: Forest Products Journal 22(9):104-108
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.3 MB)


    Thirty-six resins, each with two replicates, were factorially prepared with three formulation variables: molar ratios of sodium hydroxide to phenol of 0.4, 0.7, and 1.0; levels of resin solids content of 37, 40, and 43 percent; and molar ratios of formaldehyde to phenol of 1.6, 1.9, 2.2, and 2.5. Glue bond quality decreased substantially with a change of NaOH/phenol ratio from 0.4 to 0.7. A further change in ratio from 0.7 to 1.0 failed to affect it significantly, apparently because conversion of formaldehyde by the Cannizzaro reaction became important where more than half a mole of caustic was present in the reaction mixture. On the average, bond quality increased as solids content increased. Changes in the CHzO/phenol ratio affected delamination but not wet shear strength or woodfailure percentages; the lower molar ratios yielded gluelines that delaminated least. Latewood-to-latewood delaminated substantially more than earlywood-to-earlywood gluelines. Of 72 batches of resins, two met the woodfailure standard for exterior gluelines. Three yielded latewood-to-latewood gluelines that averaged less than 20 percent delamination in 3 months of outdoor exposure in central Louisiana.

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    Hse, C. -Y. 1972. Influence of resin formulation variables on bond quality of southern pine plywood. Forest Products Journal 22(9):104-108

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