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    Author(s): Bunchiro Tomita; Chung-Yun Hse
    Date: 1992
    Source: Journal of Polymer Science 30:1615-1624
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.6 MB)


    The reactions of urea with methylolphenols under acidic conditions were investigated using 2- and 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol and crude 2,4,6-trimethylophenol as model compounds. The reaction products were analyzed with 13C-NMR spectroscopy and GPC. From the reaction of urea with 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, the formations of 4-hydroxybenzylurea, N,N'-bis(4-hydroxybenzyl)urea, and tris(4-hydroxybenzyl)urea were confirmed and the formations of N,N-bis(4-hydroxybenzyl)urea and tetrakis(4-hydroxybenzyl)urea were suggested. From the reaction of urea and 2-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, 2-hydroxybenzylurea and N,N'-bis(2-hydroxybenzyl)urea were identified. Further, the alternative copolymer of urea and phenol could be synthesized by the reaction of urea with 2,4,6-trimethylolphenol. It was also found that the cocondensation between p-methylol group and urea prevails against the self-condensation of the methylolphenol even at the low pH below 3.0, and that p-methylol group has the stronger reactivity to urea than o-methylol group.

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    Tomita, Bunchiro; Hse, Chung-Yun. 1992. Cocondensation of urea with methylolphenols in acidic conditions. Journal of Polymer Science 30:1615-1624


    Urea, phenol, formaldehyde, cocondensation, hydroxybenzylurea

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