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    Author(s): David R. Coyle; T. Evan Nebeker; Elwood R. Hart; William J. Mattson
    Date: 2005
    Source: Annu. Rev. Entomol. 2005. 50:1­29
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (170 KB)

    Description

    Increasing demand for wood and wood products is putting stress on traditional forest production areas, leading to long-term economic and environmental concerns. Intensively managed hardwood forest systems (IMHFS), grown using conventional agricultural as well as forestry methods, can help alleviate potential problems in natural forest production areas. Although IMHFS can produce more biomass per hectare per year than natural forests, the ecologically simplified, monocultural systems may greatly increase the crop's susceptibility to pests. Species in the genera Populus and Salix comprise the greatest acreage in IMHFS in North America, but other species, including Liquidambar styraciflua and Platanus occidentalis, are also important. We discuss life histories, realized and potential damage, and management options for the most economically influential pests that affect these hardwood species. The substantial inherent challenges associated with pest management in the monocultural environments created by IMHFS are reviewed. Finally, we discuss ways to design IMHFS that may reduce their susceptibility to pests, increase their growth and productivity potential, and create a more sustainable environment.

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    Citation

    Coyle, David R.; Nebeker, T. Evan; Hart, Elwood R.; Mattson, William J. 2005. Biology and Management of Insect Pests in North American Intensively Managed Hardwood Forest Systems. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 2005. 50:1­29

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