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    Author(s): L. David Dwinell; W.R. Nickle
    Date: 1989
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-55. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 13 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Southeastern Forest Experiment Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.2 MB)

    Description

    The history, ecology, and biology of the Bursaphelenchus-Monochamus complex in North America are reviewed. Since the nematode is seldom a primary pathogen in North America, distribution there cannot be equated with the distribution of the pine wilt disease.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Dwinell, L. David; Nickle, W.R. 1989. An Overview of the Pine Wood Nematode Ban in North America. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-55. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 13 p.

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    Keywords

    Bursaphelenchus xyiophilus, Bursaphelenchus mucronatus, Pinus, embargo, softwood products, Monochamus, pine wilt disease

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