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An Overview of the Pine Wood Nematode Ban in North AmericaAuthor(s): L. David Dwinell; W.R. Nickle
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-55. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 13 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Southeastern Forest Experiment Station
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DescriptionThe history, ecology, and biology of the Bursaphelenchus-Monochamus complex in North America are reviewed. Since the nematode is seldom a primary pathogen in North America, distribution there cannot be equated with the distribution of the pine wilt disease.
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CitationDwinell, L. David; Nickle, W.R. 1989. An Overview of the Pine Wood Nematode Ban in North America. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-55. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 13 p.
KeywordsBursaphelenchus xyiophilus, Bursaphelenchus mucronatus, Pinus, embargo, softwood products, Monochamus, pine wilt disease
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