Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): J.C.G. Goelz; Thomas E. Burk; Shepard M. Zedaker
    Date: 1999
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 115: 49-59.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (184 KB)


    Cross-sectional area growth and height growth of Fraser fir and red spruce trees growing in Virginia and North Carolina were analyzed to identify possible long-term growth trends. Cross-sectional area growth provided no evidence of growth decline. The individual discs were classified according to parameter estimates of the growth trend equation. The predominant pattern of growth was a steady increase followed by fluctuation about a horizontal line. Other cross-sections exhibited a steady increase throughout the series. The only discs that represent declining growth patterns were from trees in subordinate crown position or which had previous top damage. No unexplained growth decline was present in any disc. The results regarding height growth were uncertain. A slight decline in height growth was present, although the authors suggest that this observation was due to problems with the data or the model used to fit height growth. These findings contradict other studies, suggesting that a recent growth decline has occurred in red spruce in the Southern Appalachians.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Goelz, J.C.G.; Burk, Thomas E.; Zedaker, Shepard M. 1999. Long-term growth trends of red spruce and fraser fir at Mt. Rogers, Virginia and Mt. Mitchell, North Carolina. Forest Ecology and Management. 115: 49-59.

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page