Consumption of wood fiber in pulp, paper and paperboard increased in the United States over the past century and is projected to increase well into the next century at a decelerating rate of growth. Harvest of pulpwood on forest land is the single largest source of wood fiber, followed by recycled paper and wood residues. In the past decade, wood residues declined in supply while use of recycled paper increased rapidly. Use of recycled paper is projected to increase more steadily in the future with slower growth in paper recovery for recycling. Harvest of pulpwood on forest land is projected to remain the dominant source of U.S. fiber supply through the first half of the next century. Softwood pulpwood harvest on forest land is projected to increase as U.S. softwood residue supplies decline. Pulpwood stumpage values are projected to increase in the United States, based on supply and demand analysis, gradually improving economic opportunities for growing hardwood short-rotation woody crops on agricultural land. Hardwood pulpwood harvest on forest land is projected to increase for several decades but then decline in the long run with increasing fiber supply from agricultural short-rotation woody crops. Canada is projected to remain the principal source of U.S. pulp and paper imports, which are projected to increase. Most Canadian domestic pulpwood supply is projected to remain wood residues, as Canadian lumber production and residue output are projected to increase in the future. Pulpwood harvest in Canada is projected to decrease with modest additional increases in paper recycling.
Ince, Peter J. 2000. Outlook for U.S. paper and paperboard sector and wood fiber supply in North America. Geneva timber and forest discussion papers : recycling, energy and market interactions. New York : United Nations, 2000: Pages 24-37