Skip to Main Content
How mole ratio of UF resin affects formaldehyde emission and other properties : a literature critiqueAuthor(s): George E. Myers
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 34, no. 5 (May 1984): Pages 35-41
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (199 KB)
DescriptionA critical review was made of the literature concerned with how the formaldehyde to urea mole ratio (F/U) affects formaldehyde emission from particleboard and plywood bonded with urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesives, and how this ratio affects certain other adhesive and board properties. It is difficult to quantify the dependence of various properties on mole ratio or determine lower limits of mole ratio for a particular property because of the range in resin, board, and testing parameters used in the cited studies. However, the available data do at least suggest the following limitations on F/U in conventional UF particleboard systems for maintenance of acceptable properties: 1) F/U < 1.2 or even < 1.1 to meet the German El emission standard, 2) F/U < 1.3 or possibly < 1.2 to meet the tentative NPA emission standard for U.S. mobile homes, 3) F/U 3 1.2 for bending strength and modulus of rupture, 4) F/U 3 1.1 or possibly 3 1.2 for internal bond, 5) F/U 3 1.2 or possibly 3 1.3 for 24-hour thickness swell. These conflicting limitations strongly indicate that problems exist in depending solely on mole ratio reductions to produce low emission UF particleboard with acceptable physical properties.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationMyers, George E. 1984. How mole ratio of UF resin affects formaldehyde emission and other properties : a literature critique. Forest products journal. Vol. 34, no. 5 (May 1984): Pages 35-41
KeywordsMole ratio, urea-formaldehyde resins, UF resins, formaldehyde, emissions
- Formaldehyde Emissions from Urea-Formaldehyde- and no-added-formaldehyde-Bonded particleboard as Influenced by Temperature and Relative Humidity
- Hardness evaluation of cured urea-formaldehyde resins with different formaldehyde/urea mole ratios using nanoindentation method
- Synthetic conditions and chemical structures of urea-formaldehyde resins. I. Properties of the resins synthesized by three different procedures
XML: View XML