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Growth of historical Sitka spruce plantations at Unalaska Bay, Alaska.Author(s): J. Alden; D. Bruce
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-236. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionSitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) grew an estimated 37 cubic feet of stemwood per acre per year (2.6 m3·ha-1·yr-1) in remnant World War II plantations on Amaknak Island and 38 cubic feet of stemwood per acre per year (2.7 m3·ha-1·yr-1) in an early 19th century grove on Expedition Island, 520 miles (837 km) southwest of natural tree limits in Alaska. Trees in fairly dense plots on Amaknak Island averaged 7 inches (18 cm) in diameter at breast height (d.b.h.) and 21 feet (6.5 m) tall on sheltered sites. The largest trees in the Expedition Island grove were 21.5 inches (54.6 cm) in d.b.h. and 55 feet (16.8 m) tall. Growth and quality of Sitka spruce on productive sites near Unalaska Bay should be adequate for subsistence wood production, amenity of barren landscapes around homes and villages, soil enhancement, wind breaks, and wildlife habitat Small outplantings of Sitka spruce and other species on sheltered sites from sea level to 820 feet (250 m) in elevation are recommended to determine tree limits, superior seed sources, wood yield, and forest association with native flora and fauna and to refine afforestation methods.
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CitationAlden, J.; Bruce, D. 1989. Growth of historical Sitka spruce plantations at Unalaska Bay, Alaska. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-236. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p
KeywordsSitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.), tree limits, provenance, growth and yield, historical plantations, Unalaska Bay, Alaska
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