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    Author(s): J.R. Runkle
    Date: 1992
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-283. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.4 MB)

    Description

    A protocol for sampling forest canopy gaps is presented. Methods used in published gap studies are reviewed. The sample protocol will be useful in developing a broader understanding of forest structure and dynamics through comparative studies across different forest ecosystems.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Runkle, J.R. 1992. Guidelines and sample protocol for sampling forest gaps. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-283. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station

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    Keywords

    Forest structure, forest canopies, gap dynamics, heterogeneity, natural disturbance

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