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Guidelines and sample protocol for sampling forest gaps.Author(s): J.R. Runkle
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-283. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionA protocol for sampling forest canopy gaps is presented. Methods used in published gap studies are reviewed. The sample protocol will be useful in developing a broader understanding of forest structure and dynamics through comparative studies across different forest ecosystems.
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CitationRunkle, J.R. 1992. Guidelines and sample protocol for sampling forest gaps. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-283. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station
KeywordsForest structure, forest canopies, gap dynamics, heterogeneity, natural disturbance
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