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    Author(s): D. Yelle; B. Goodell; D.J. Gardner; A. Amirbahman; P. Winistofer; S. Shaler
    Date: 2004
    Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 54, no. 4 (Apr. 2004): Pages 73-78
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (151 KB)


    Wood fibers, after thermo-mechanical pulping, have a high concentration of lignin on the outer surface of the fiber; the residual middle lamella of the woody cell wall. When wood fibers are oxidatively treated with a chelator produced by Gloeophyllum trabeum (a brown-rot fungus), in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ferric iron (FeIII), free radicals are produced. Using a synthetic chelator to mimic the action of the free radical generating system, we applied the system to wood fibers to activate the lignin-rich fiber surface. Activating the lignin and/or extractives on the surface of the wood fibers, which has been shown previously by chemical and enzymatic means, can give lignin the functionality of a self-bonding adhesive. In preliminary work, a wet- process hardwood fiberboard was produced using a pre-treatment with a synthetic model chelator, 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA), which showed an increase in the internal bond strength over that of fiberboard without DHBA pre-treatment. In this research, wet and modified dry-process softwood fiberboard exhibited increased internal bond, modulus of rupture, and modulus of elasticity with DHBA pre-treatment compared to that of fiberboard without DHRA pre-treatment. The strongest boards produced used a 1:10 ratio of DHBA:FeIII with mM concentrations of peroxide. An FeIII-only treatment displayed similar bond and bending strengths to the chelator-mediated treatments (1:10) ratio, suggesting that natural phenolics and extractives in the wood were reacting similarly to low concentrations of DHRA through a chelator-mediated Fenton mechanism.

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    Yelle, D.; Goodell, B.; Gardner, D.J.; Amirbahman, A.; Winistofer, P.; Shaler, S. 2004. Bonding of wood fiber composites using a synthetic chelator-lignin activation system. Forest products journal. Vol. 54, no. 4 (Apr. 2004): Pages 73-78


    Wood fiber composites, bonding, synthetic chelator-mediated free radical system, CMFR, lignin activation

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