Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): S. Alexander; B. Greber
    Date: 1991
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-277. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 21 p
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (3.8 MB)

    Description

    Forest resource supply analysis has increasingly been done in an economic market context. Little work has been done to assess the environmental consequences of a change in timber harvests that would result in a shift in competing markets. The purpose of this study was to estimate a relation among construction materials as they are used as substitutes or complements of each other and to qualitatively assess the environmental consequences of the extraction, manufacture, use, and disposal of wood products, steel, cement, aluminum, and plastics. Lumber cross price elasticities with competing materials were computed for three major end uses (construction, shipping, and other). The elasticities can be used to estimate the extent to which various commodities are related to each other. Wood-based products, steel, plastics, aluminum, and cement all have substantial extraction impacts; steel and plastics extraction results in the most voluminous, lasting, and toxic effects of the five industries. Sawn-wood products and cement seem to have the least environmental effects resulting from,manufacture, whereas steel, aluminum, and plastics created major problems. Each industry creates problems in disposal.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pnw_pnwpubs@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Alexander, S.; Greber, B. 1991. Environmental ramifications of various materials used in construction and manufacture in the United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-277. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 21 p

    Cited

    Google Scholar

    Keywords

    Environmental impacts, wood substitutes, pollution

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/9170