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    Author(s): Peter J. Ince; Eduard Akim; Bernard Lombard; Tomas Parik
    Date: 2004
    Source: UNECE/FAO forest products annual market review, 2003-2004. [S.l. : s.n., 2004]: Pages 53-60
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (124 KB)


    Annual paper and paperboard output climbed by 2.2% in the EU/EFTA subregion in 2003, a record year for European papermakers, while the subregion’s woodpulp output climbed by 2.8%. Higher paper and paperboard exports from the EU/EFTA subregion to non-UNECE countries, and a 16% increase in net exports in 2003, propelled expansion of output. Paper and paperboard consumption in central and eastern Europe was boosted by stronger regional economic growth in 2003, but the region also experienced a large increase in imports. Consumption of paper and paperboard in the Russian Federation increased by 12.1% in 2003, while production increased by 6.2%. Although Russian paper and paperboard exports greatly exceed imports in tonnage, the trade balance in product value continued to deteriorate in 2003, with increasing higher valued imports. Annual paper and paperboard output in North America receded by 1.2% in 2003, but output climbed in the second half of the year and the first half of 2004. With the exception of shipments to China and other countries in Asia, excluding Japan, total Canadian pulp, paper and paperboard product shipments to all major destinations declined. Paper and paperboard tariffs were set to disappear by the year 2004 and are at zero according to GATT (Uruguay Round of 1994), but punitive tariffs and an array of non-tariff barriers still exist, sometimes arising from trade disputes with a scope wider than the sector itself. Central and eastern European countries’ exports of paper and paperboard grew more than in the other UNECE subregions, boosted by successful preparations for EU accession and investments in capacity by global pulp and paper industries.

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    Ince, Peter J.; Akim, Eduard; Lombard, Bernard; Parik, Tomas. 2004. Consumption climbs in central and eastern countries, stagnates in the west : markets for paper, paperboard and woodpulp, 2003-2004. UNECE/FAO forest products annual market review, 2003-2004. [S.l. : s.n., 2004]: Pages 53-60


    Paper consumption, paperboard consumption, woodpulp consumption, international markets, international trade

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