Skip to Main Content
Historical reflections on the Arkansas cross timbersAuthor(s): Don C. Bragg
Source: Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science, Vol. 58, 2004
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (410 KB)
DescriptionKuclller's original rnap of potential natural vegetation suggested that the eastern-most extension of the "Cross Timbers" oak-dominated woodland reached into extreme western Arkansas. Iiecellt investigations have found possible old-growth Cross Timber communities in narrow strips along steep, rocky sandstone and shale ridges near Fort Chaffee and Hackett. However, many decades of Euroamerican intervention have altered vegetation composition and structure in west-central Arkansas, making field evaluation difficult. Fortunately, historical accounts of the area provide considerable supporting documentation. General Land Office surveyors, for instance, traversed this portion of western Arkansas before 1850. They reported many ridges and slopes dominated by grassy, stunted oak woodlands, with extensive prairies and richer bottomland terraces. Early explorers, missionaries, and botanists also found similar conditions. For example, both the botanist Thoinas Nuttall (in 1819) and the Reverend William Graham (in 1845) mentioned abundant oak woodlands interspersed with glades and grasslands on the stony hills south of Fort Smith. These historical accounts help show that, though far more restricted in this extent than comparable stands in Oklahoma or Texas, Cross Timber communities are possible in Arkansas.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBragg, Don C. 2004. Historical reflections on the Arkansas cross timbers. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science, Vol. 58, 2004
- Using classification tree analysis to predict oak wilt distribution in Minnesota and Texas
- Spatio-Temporal Trends of Oak Decline and Mortality under Periodic Regional Drought in the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas and Missouri
- Proceedings of the seventh California oak symposium: managing oak woodlands in a dynamic world
XML: View XML