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    Author(s): David H. Allen
    Date: 1991
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-73. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 19 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Southeastern Forest Experiment Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.8 MB)

    Description

    A complete guide is provided for excavating red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis) cavities. A hole 4 inches wide by 10 inches high by 6 inches deep is cut from a live pine(Pinusspp.) tree with a chainsaw, and a prefabricated cavity is inserted. Cavities can be excavated in pines of any age, but the diameter of the tree at the height of insertion must be greater than 15 inches. Over 300 cavities were inserted on the Francis Marion National Forest(n=280) and the Savannah River Site (n=28) in South Carolina. Over 60 percent of the cavities on the Francis Marion are now being used for nesting or roosting. None of the trees have broken at cavity height.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Allen, David H. 1991. Constructing Artifical Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Cavities. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-73. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 19 p.

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    Keywords

    Cavity excavation, cavity inserts, Hurricane Hugo, Picoides borealis, roost.

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