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    Author(s): C.N. Lewis; J.B. Whitfield
    Date: 1999
    Source: Environmental Entomology 28(6):986-997
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (699 KB)

    Description

    Braconid wasps were used as an indicator group to test the hypothesis that the degree of disturbance in silvicultural treatments will change the total abundance and composition of species. Wasps were collected with Malaise traps on undisturbed (control), moderately disturbed (pine single-tree selection) and highly disturbed (pine-hardwood seed-tree) research plots of the LSDA Forest Service in the Ounchita National Forest of Wester Arkansas. We used 3 measures of wasp diversity: (1) numbers of individuals and numbers of species, (2) estimated total species richness and abundance, and (3) observed and estimated complementarity (proportions of species shared or not shared) among treatment types. In all, 1,300 wasps were collected, representing 23 subfamilies, 84 genera, and 51 morphospecies. Raw numbers of individuals and species sugested little difference among treatments. Total species richness estimites projected that the disturbed treatments have twice the number of species as the undisturbed. However, measures of complementarity revealed strongly different species complexes between treatments: undisturbed and highly disturbed treatments had just 24% of their species in common, whereas moderately and highly disturbed treatments shared 42%. Thus, some species in undisturbed forests are lost after disturbance, even though actual diversity appears to increase. Braconid wasps show promise as sensitive indicators of faunal changes during disturbance. These changes are best perceived through species comparisons between treatments when patterns of relative abundance and faunal complementarity are incorporated.

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    Citation

    Lewis, C.N.; Whitfield, J.B. 1999. Braconid wasp (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) diversity in forest plots under different silvicultural methods. Environmental Entomology 28(6):986-997

    Keywords

    Braconidae, forest management, species richness, biodiversity, complementarity

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