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    Author(s): Robert L. Ethington; William L. Galligan; Henry M. Montrey; Alan D. Freas
    Date: 1979
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-23. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 16 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (402 KB)

    Description

    This paper surveys research leading to allowable shear stress parallel to grain for lumber. In early flexure tests of lumber, some pieces failed in shear. The estimated shear stress at time of failure was generally lower than shear strength measured on small, clear, straight-grained specimens. This and other engineering observations gave rise to adjustments that underwent some evolution not well described in the literature. Some anomalies which developed are discussed; an error is shown to have prevailed in the concept of a split beam for about 20 years. Some recent research done in Canada shows particular promise for describing the load capacity of checked beams that will fail in shear. This paper should provide helpful background for engineering groups charged with improving allowable property assignments for lumber and other wood products.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Ethington, Robert L.; Galligan, William L.; Montrey, Henry M.; Freas, Alan D. 1979. Evolution of allowable stresses in shear for lumber. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-23. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 16 p.

    Keywords

    Lumber, failure, shear, strength, design, stress grading, strength of wood, strains and stresses, wood, testing

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