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33 results found
Patterns of fungal spore dispersal affect gene flow, population structure and fungal community structure. Many Basidiomycota produce resupinate (crust-like) basidiocarps buried in the soil. Although spores are actively discharged, they often do not appear to be well positioned for aerial dispersal…
Author(s): Erik A. Lilleskov, Thomas D. Bruns
Keywords: beetles, centipedes, Chilopoda, Coleoptera, Collembola, ectozoochory, endozoochory, fungivory, invertebrates, millipedes, Myriapoda, oribatid mites, salamanders, sporivory, springtails
Source: Mycologia. 97(4): 762-769.
Year: 2005
There are numerous biological degradations that wood is exposed to in various environments. Biological damage occurs when a log, sawn product, or final product is not stored, handled, or designed properly. Biological organisms, such as bacteria, mold, stain, decay fungi, insects, and marine borers…
Author(s): Rebecca E. Ibach
Keywords: Insect pests, bacteria, wood decaying fungi, wood biodegradation, wood preservation, wood preservatives, marine borers, termites, beetles, carpenter ants, carpenter bees, preservation, treated wood
Source: Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 2005: pages 99-120.
Year: 2005
Under proper conditions, wood will give centuries of service. However, under conditions that permit the development of wood-degrading organisms, protection must be provided during processing, merchandising, and use. The organisms that can degrade wood are principally fungi, insects, bacteria, and…
Author(s): Carol A. Clausen
Keywords: Biodegradation, wood deterioration, deterioration, wood biodegradation, wood-decaying fungi, insect pests, insect control, molds, insecticides, fungicides, antifungal agents, marine borers, pest control, fungal stains, bacteria, beetles, carpenter ants, carpenter bees, termites, stains, susceptibility, wood borers, prevention, decomposition of wood, resistance to decay, biocides, decay fungi, wood decay, termite control
Source: Wood handbook : wood as an engineering material: chapter 14. Centennial ed. General technical report FPL ; GTR-190. Madison, WI : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 2010: p. 14.1-14.16.
Year: 2010
Effects of fire at two levels of intensity on beetle diversity in shortgrass steppe were examined. The experimental design was completely randomized, with 3 treatments and 4 replicates per treatment. Treatments were two levels of fire 1) dormant-season fire (relatively hot), and 2) growing-season…
Author(s): P. L. (Paulette) Ford
Keywords: fire, disturbance, shortgrass steppe, biodiversity, arthropod, Coleoptera, beetles
Source: In: Gomide, A.; Mattos, W. R. S.; da Silva, S. C., eds. Proceedings of the XIX International Grassland Congress: Grassland Ecosystems: An Outlook into the 21st Century; 11-21 February, 2001; Sao Paolo, Brazil. Piracicaba, Brazil: Fundacao de Estudos Agrarios Luiz de Queiroz. Online: http://www.internationalgrasslands.org/publications/pdfs/id2302.pdf.
Year: 2001
Firewood is a major pathway for the inadvertent movement of bark- and wood-infesting insects. After discovery of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in southeastern Michigan in 2002, quarantines were enacted including prohibition of transporting firewood across the Mackinac…
Author(s): Robert A. Haack, Toby R. Petrice, Alex C. Wiedenhoeft
Keywords: Emerald ash borer, Michigan, fuelwood, exotic, firewood, pathway, sanitation, pest control, insect pests, insect control, Fraxinus, Agrilus planipennis, biological invasions, nonindigenous pests, introduced organisms, pest introductions, forest diseases, forest pests, pest prevention, risk management, risk assessment, infestation, beetles, wood borers, bark beetles, invasive species
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology. 103(5): 1682-1692.
Year: 2010
Three forest sites were selected in Louisiana in early 2001. On each site, three treatments were applied: (1) Check: no further management; (2) PF: prescribed fire was applied in May 2001 and June 2003; and (3) PF-MPC: between the two prescribed fires, midstory and understory woody vegetation was…
Author(s): James D. Haywood, Tessa A. Bauman, Richard A. Goyer, Gerald J. Lenhard
Keywords: prescribed fire, brush removal, beetles, Dendroctonus terebrans, Hylastes salebrosus, Hylastes, tenuis, Ips spp, Hylobius pales, Pachylobius picivorous
Source: In: Holley, A. Gordon; Connor, Kristina F.; Haywood, James D., eds. Proceedings of the 17th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–203, Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station: 154-163.
Year: 2015
Leafy spurge is an invasive weed that has appeared along streams throughout much of the country. Riparian ecosystems are particularly sensitive areas that can be threatened by nonnative invasive species. These areas also can be damaged by herbicides commonly used in uplands to control invasive…
Author(s): Paul Meznarich, Rob Progar
Keywords: beetles, leafy spurge, Prograr
Source: Science Findings 146. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6p
Year: 2012
The forests of southern Indiana have been shaped and defined by anthropogenic disturbance. Native Americans influenced composition and structure through land clearing and burning, but the scale and rate of human disturbance intensified with European settlement. Sustained settlement led to the loss…
Author(s): Michael A. Jenkins
Keywords: bats, beetles, birds, Central Hardwoods, experiment, forest management, human attitudes, Indiana, moths, oak, reptiles, salamanders, silviculture, small mammals, wildlife
Source: In: Swihart, Robert K.; Saunders, Michael R.; Kalb, Rebecca A.; Haulton, G. Scott; Michler, Charles H., eds. 2013. The Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment: a framework for studying responses to forest management. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-108. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 2-11.
Year: 2013
Indiana's landscape and forests today are largely the result of Ice Age glaciations, Native Americans' use of fire, and over-harvesting in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Any intentional management of the forest was not generally apparent until the early 1900s. Early visionaries at that…
Author(s): Sam F. Carman
Keywords: bats, beetles, birds, Central Hardwoods, experiment, forest management, human attitudes, Indiana, moths, oak, reptiles, salamanders, silviculture, small mammals, wildlife
Source: In: Swihart, Robert K.; Saunders, Michael R.; Kalb, Rebecca A.; Haulton, G. Scott; Michler, Charles H., eds. 2013. The Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment: a framework for studying responses to forest management. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-108. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 12-23.
Year: 2013
A 2009 telephone survey of 1,402 Indiana adults was conducted to assess opinions regarding woodland management. Forty-eight percent said they were "very concerned" about the health and productivity of Indiana's woodlands, and 45 percent, "somewhat concerned." Almost half (47 percent) thought that…
Author(s): Daniel J. Witter, Shannon M. Amberg, David J. Case, Phillip T. Seng
Keywords: bats, beetles, birds, Central Hardwoods, experiment, forest management, human attitudes, Indiana, moths, oak, reptiles, salamanders, silviculture, small mammals, wildlife
Source: In: Swihart, Robert K.; Saunders, Michael R.; Kalb, Rebecca A.; Haulton, G. Scott; Michler, Charles H., eds. 2013. The Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment: a framework for studying responses to forest management. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-108. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 24-34.
Year: 2013
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