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83 results found
There is now widespread acknowledgment that renewable bioresources, as a platform for raw inputs and as a source of powerful biocatalysts, have considerable potential to support sustainable economic growth, increase national energy security, strengthen rural communities, and minimize anthropogenic…
Author(s): James S. McLaren, Thomas W. Jeffries
Keywords: Genetics, genomics, bioenergy, bioproducts
Source: Applied biochemistry and biotechnology. Vol. 105-108 (2003): Pages 631-632
Year: 2003
The elevated intensity of wildfire seasons in the American West combined with political, environmental, and economic issues surrounding the use of coal and oil are spurring a growing interest in the use of woody biomass as a fuel for heating and electrical generation. David Nicholls, a forest…
Author(s): John Kirkland, David Nicholls
Keywords: Biomass, bioenergy, Alaska, David Nicholls
Source: Science Findings 174. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
Year: 2015
Since 2004, close to 50,000 ac of hazardous fuels have been mechanically treated in east-central Arizona as part of the USDA Forest Service's first 10-year stewardship project on national forest lands. The need for coordinated wood products and biomass utilization in Arizona is likely to increase…
Author(s): David Nicholls
Keywords: forest restoration, wood products, clusters, bioenergy, ponderosa pine, Arizona
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-898. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p.
Year: 2014
Forests store large amounts of carbon in forest biomass, and this carbon can be released to the atmosphere following forest disturbance or management. In the western US, forest fuel reduction treatments designed to reduce the risk of high severity wildfire can change forest carbon balance by…
Author(s): Katherine C. Kelsey, Kallie L. Barnes, Michael G. Ryan, Jason C. Neff
Keywords: forest carbon, bioenergy, climate change, carbon emissions, forest management, fuels treatment, wildfire, Forest Vegetation Simulator
Source: Carbon Balance and Management. 9: 6.
Year: 2014
Basidiomycota (basidiomycetes) make up 32% of the described fungi and include most wood-decaying species, as well as pathogens and mutualistic symbionts. Wood-decaying basidiomycetes have typically been classified as either white rot or brown rot, based on the ability (in white rot only) to degrade…
Author(s): Robert Riley, Asaf A. Salamov, Daren W. Brown, Laszlo G. Nagy, Dimitrios Floudas, Benjamin W. Held, Anthony Levasseur, Vincent Lombard, Emmanuelle Morin, Robert Otillar, Erika A. Lindquist, Hui Sun, Kurt M. LaButti, Jeremy Schmutz, Dina Jabbour, Hong Luo, Scott E. Baker, Antonio G. Pisabarro, Jonathan D. Walton, Robert A. Blanchette, Bernard Henrissat, Francis Martin, Daniel Cullen, David S. Hibbett, Igor V. Grigoriev
Keywords: lignocellulose, phylogenomics, bioenergy
Source: PNAS, July 8, 2014, Volume 111, Number 27, 2014; pp.9923-9928.
Year: 2014
Water quality is a measurement of the biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of water against certain standards set to ensure ecological and/or human health. Biomass production and conversion to fuels and electricity can impact water quality in lakes, rivers, and aquifers with…
Author(s): Rocio Diaz-Chavez, Goran Berndes, Dan Neary, Andre Elia Neto, Mamadou Fall
Keywords: bioenergy, water quality, indicators
Source: Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining. 5: 445-463.
Year: 2011
Chemical characterization was performed on 10 different samples of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), representing the various woody components of trees (bole, slab, tops and branches, and precommercial stem-only) harvested from two naturally regenerated forests in southern Arkansas. Ultimate…
Author(s): A. Mandalika, D. Bragg, J. Schuler, D. Baker, T. Elder, L. Groom
Keywords: Loblolly pine, bioenergy, chemical characterization, forest residues, thinnings
Source: Wood and Fiber Science
Year: 2019
Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera…
Author(s): John Clifton-Brown, Antoine Harfouche, Michael D. Casler, Huw Dylan Jones, William J. Macalpine, Donal Murphy-Bokern, Lawrence B. Smart, Anneli Adler, Chris Ashman, Danny Awty-Carroll, Catherine Bastien, Sebastian Bopper, Vasile Botnari, Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel, Zhiyong Chen, Lindsay V Clark, Salvatore Cosentino, Sue Dalton, Chris Davey, Oene Dolstra, Iain Donnison, Richard Flavell, Joerg Greef, Steve Hanley, Astley Hastings, Magnus Hertzberg, Tsai-Wen Hsu, Lin S. Huang, Antonella Iurato, Elaine Jensen, Xiaoli Jin, Uffe Jørgensen, Andreas Kiesel, Do-Soon Kim, Jianxiu Liu, Jon P. McCalmont, Bernard G. McMahon, Michal Mos, Paul Robson, Erik J. Sacks, Anatolii Sandu, Giovanni Scalici, Kai Schwarz, Danilo Scordia, Reza Shafiei, Ian Shield, Gancho Slavov, Brian J. Stanton, Kankshita Swaminathan, Gail Taylor, Andres F. Torres, Luisa M. Trindade, Timothy Tschaplinski, Gerald A. Tuskan, Toshihiko Yamada, Chang Yeon Yu, Ronald S. Zalesny, Junqin Zong, Iris Lewandowski
Keywords: bioenergy, feedstocks, lignocellulose, M. sacchariflorus, M. sinensis, Miscanthus, Panicum virgatum, perennial biomass crop, Populus spp, Salix spp
Source: GCB Bioenergy
Year: 2018
This paper presents a series of narratives that can be used to define possible future trends in the global forest sector across the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), which we refer to as Forest Sector Pathways (FSPs). SSPs are part of a new scenario framework established by the climate change…
Author(s): Adam Daigneault, Craig Johnston, Anu Korosuo, Justin S. Baker, Nicklas Forsell, Jeffrey P. Prestemon, Robert C. Abt
Keywords: Land use policy, forest carbon, bioenergy, consumption, technological change, modelling
Source: Journal of Forest Economics
Year: 2019
Forest residue biomass can be used as bioenergy feedstock, however, issues associated with its properties including low density and high moisture content constrains its valorization. Using mobile conversion technologies that can operate in remote areas and are capable of converting forest residues…
Author(s): Sevda Alanya-Rosenbaum, Richard D. Bergman
Keywords: Torrefaction, wood briquettes, life cycle assessment, resource use assessment, exergetic life cycle assessment, bioenergy
Source: Journal of Cleaner Production. 233: 918-931.
Year: 2019