The production of residual white ash patches within wildfires represents near-complete combustion of the available fuel and releases a considerable quantity of gases to the atmosphere. These patches are generally produced from combustion of large downed woody debris (LDWD) such as fallen trees and…
Keywords: burned area, carbon, emission estimates, loss on ignition, remote sensing, savanna
Source: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 14: 245-248.
Space and airborne sensors have been used to map area burned, assess characteristics of active fires, and characterize post-fire ecological effects. Confusion about fire intensity, fire severity, burn severity, and related terms can result in the potential misuse of the inferred information by land…
Keywords: burn severity, burned area, ecological change, fire atlas, fire intensity, fire perimeters, fire radiative power, fire severity, Normalized Burn Ratio, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, radiative energy
Source: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 15(3): 319-345.
We synthesized post-fire road treatment information to assist BAER specialists in making road rehabilitation decisions. We developed a questionnaire; conducted 30 interviews of BAER team engineers and hydrologists; acquired and analyzed gray literature and other relevant publications; and reviewed…
Keywords: wildfire, BEAR, burned area, emergency response, peak flow, roads
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-228 Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 152 p.
Improved wildland fire emission inventory methods are needed to support air quality forecasting and guide the development of air shed management strategies. Air quality forecasting requires dynamic fire emission estimates that are generated in a timely manner to support real-time operations. In the…
Keywords: fire, burned area, fire detection, MODIS
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment. 113: 2511-2526.
Biomass burning is a major source of greenhouse gases, aerosols, black carbon, and atmospheric pollutants that affects regional and global climate and air quality. The spatial and temporal extent of fires and the size of burned areas are critical parameters in the estimation of fire emissions.…
Keywords: biomass burning, burned area, MODIS, MTBS
Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 317: 20-25.
We present a direct broadcast (DB) rapid response burned area mapping algorithm for Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) data that combines products driven by the spectral signal of fire-affected areas from both emissive and reflective spectral bands. The algorithm processes VIIRS…
Keywords: burned area, burn scar detection, active fire detection, VIIRS, direct broadcast, rapid response
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment. 219: 271-283.
In contrast with current operational products of burned area, which are generally available one month after the fire, active fires are readily available, with potential application for early evaluation of approximate fire perimeters to support fire management decision making in near real time.…
Keywords: burned area, convex hull, burn scar, hot spots, rapid fire perimeter
Source: Remote Sensing. 12: 2061.