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Concerns about indoor air quality due to mold growth have increased dramatically in the United States. In the absence of proper moisture management, fungicides need to be developed for indoor use to control mold establishment. An ideal fungicide for prevention of indoor mold growth on wood-based…
Author(s): Carol A. Clausen, Vina W. Yang
Keywords: Mold fungi, decay fungi, borate, biocide, termidicide, mildewcide, azole
Source: IRG documents 2004: IRG 35, 6-10 June 2004, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Stockholm, Sweden: IRG Secretariat, 2004: [7] pages.
Year: 2004
In contrast to DNA, messenger RNA (mRNA) in complex substrata is rarely analyzed, in large part because labile RNA molecules are difficult to purify. Nucleic acid extractions from fungi that colonize soil are particularly difficult and plagued by humic substances that interfere with Taq polymerase…
Author(s): Dan Cullen
Keywords: Messenger RNA, transcripts, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, decay fungi
Source: Biodiversity of fungi : inventory and monitoring methods. Amsterdam : Elsevier Academic Press, 2004: Pages 85-88
Year: 2004
This field guide contains descriptions and color photographs of snags and logs of 10 coniferous and 3 deciduous tree species found in the interior Columbia River basin. Methods arc described to distinguish among the different species when various amounts of branches, cones, and bark arc missing.…
Author(s): Catherine G. Parks, Evelyn L. Bull, Torolf R. Torgersen
Keywords: Cavity nesters, decay fungi, habitat monitoring, hollow trees, interior Columbia River basin, logs, snags, wildlife, wood decay
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-390. Portland, OR: US. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Research Station. 40 p
Year: 1997
This publication provides qualitative and quantitative information on five distinct structures: living trees with decayed parts, trees with hollow chambers, trees with brooms, dead trees, and logs. Information is provided on the value of these structures to wildlife, the decay or infection…
Author(s): Evelyn L. Bull, Catherine G. Parks, Torolf R. Torgersen
Keywords: Broom rust, cavity nesters, decay fungi, dwarf mistletoe, Elytroderma, forest management, habitat monitoring, hollow trees, interior Columbia River basin, logs, old-growth forests, snags, wildlife, wood decay
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-391. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 55 p
Year: 1997
Fungal tolerance to wood preservatives has been critically important for many years. The tolerance of type cultures to common wood preservatives is, in fact, noted in the AWPA Standards [1]. Gloeophyllum trabeum Mad-617, for example, is particularly tolerant to phenolic and arsenic compounds. One…
Author(s): Frederick Green, Rachel A. Arango, Carol A. Clausen
Keywords: Oxalic acid, wood preservatives, copper, brown rot, wood-destroying fungi, arsenic, preservatives, copper compounds, fungicidal properties, Tyromyces palustris, decay fungi, metal tolerance, NHA
Source: IAWPS 2005 : 50th Anniversary of the Japan Wood Research Society : International Symposium on Wood Science and Technology : Pacifico Yokohama, Japan, November 27-30, 2005 : oral presentations. Pacifico Yokohama, Japan : Japan Wood Research Society, 2005: pages 304-305.
Year: 2005
Heterobasidion annosum causes root and butt-rot in trees and is the most serious forest pathogen in the northern hemisphere. We developed a rapid and simple Agrobacterium-mediated method of gene delivery into H. annosum to be used in functional studies of candidate genes and for visualization of…
Author(s): Nicklas Samils, Malin Elfstrand, Daniel L. Lindner Czederpiltz, Jan Fahleson, Ake Olson, Christina Dixelius, Jan Stenlid
Keywords: Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Heterobasidion annosum, green fluorescent protein (GFP), transformation, genetic markers, mycelium, phytopathogenic fungi, biological control, butt rots, pathogenic fungi, root rots, Basidiomycetes, genetic transformation, resistance to decay, decay fungi
Source: FEMS microbiology letters. Vol. 255 (2006): pages 82-88.
Year: 2006
This chapter presents a summary of the Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual. It focuses on current inspection techniques for decay detection and provides guidelines on the use of various non-destructive evaluation (NDE) methods in locating and defining areas of deterioration in timber bridge…
Author(s): R.J. Ross, X. Wang, B.K. Brashaw
Keywords: Bridges, inspection, testing, nondestructive testing, wooden bridges, deterioration, biodegradation, wood-decaying fungi, service life, building materials, decay fungi, timber bridges
Source: Inspection and monitoring techniques for bridges and civil structures. Cambridge, England : Woodhead Publishing Limited, c2005: ISBN: 1855739399 ; 0849395445: pages 100-114.
Year: 2005
Biocides must be developed for controlling mould establishment on cellulose-based building materials. Accordingly, biocides intended for indoor applications must be non- toxic, non-volatile, odourless, hypoallergenic, and able to provide long-term protection under conditions of high humidity. Multi…
Author(s): Carol A. Clausen
Keywords: Mould fungi, decay fungi, termite, biocide, azole, thujaplicin, mildew, indoor air pollution, insecticides, fungicides, wood-decaying fungi, insect pests, control, borates, thiabendzole, termite control, voriconazole
Source: International biodeterioration & biodegradation. Vol. 59 (2007): pages 20-24.
Year: 2007
The fungal resistance of high density polyethylene filled with 50% wood flour was investigated using laboratory soil block tests. Modifications to standard test methods were made to increase initial moisture content, increase exposure surface area, and track moisture content, mechanical properties…
Author(s): Craig Merrill Clemons, Rebecca E. Ibach
Keywords: Plastic-impregnated wood, absorption, adsorption, wood, mechanical properties, wood-decaying fungi, biodegradation, polyethylene, moisture, wood flour, soil-block testing, weight of wood, surface area, Trametes versicolor, decay fungi, wood-plastic materials, resistance to decay, Gloephyllum trabeum
Source: Plastics in building construction. Vol. 27, no. 2 (Feb. 2003): pages 7-14
Year: 2003
Serpula lacrymans, the dry rot fungus, is considered the most economically important wood decay fungus in certain temperate regions of the world, namely northern Europe, Japan, and Australia. Previously, copper-based wood preservatives were commonly used for pressure treatment of wood for building…
Author(s): Anne Christine Steenkjaer Hastrup, Frederick Green, Carol A. Clausen, Bo Jensen
Keywords: Serpula lacrymans, dry rot, copper tolerance, copper citrate, ACQ-D, NHA, brown rot, wood preservatives, wood-decaying fungi, copper, soil block testing, metal tolerance, preservatives, copper compounds, decay fungi, ammoniacal copper quat
Source: International biodeterioration & biodegradation. Vol 56 (2005): Pages 173-177
Year: 2005