A common popular assertion is that trade liberalization encourages deforestation. But whether this is true depends on how trade policies affect the allocation of land among competing uses and how they influence illegal cutting of public forests. A model is presented that allows for forests to be…
Keywords: deforestation, forests, land quality, land-use choice, NAFTA, ownership heterogeneity
Source: Environmental and Resource Economics <b>17:</b> 311-334, 2000
This report documents trends and impacts of climate change on America's forests as required by the Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974. Recent research on the impact of climate and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide on plant productivity is synthesized. Modeling analyses explore the potential…
Keywords: forest productivity, vegetation change, carbon sequestration, mitigation, forest sector, timber inventory, soil carbon, carbon accounting, afforestation, deforestation
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-59. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 133 p.
A round table discussion was convened to explore divergent views on the potential for natural forest management (NFM) for timber to contribute to wide-scale maintenance of forest cover and biological diversity in tropical forests. The general argument for NFM for timber is that, by conferring…
Keywords: biological diversity, community forestry, deforestation, natural forest management, non-timber forest products
Source: Commonwealth Forestry Review. 74(4): 309-315.
Rapid deforestation in Mexico, when coupled with poor access to current and consistent ecological information across the country underscores the need for an ecological classification system that can be readily updated as new data become available. In this study, regional vegetation resources in…
Keywords: AVHRR, GVI, GIS, classification, remote sensing, Mexico, deforestation
Source: Geocarto International. 12(2): 73-87.
We estimate the age of humid lowland tropical forests in Rondônia, Brazil, from a somewhat densely spaced time series of Landsat images (1975–2003) with an automated procedure, the Threshold Age Mapping Algorithm (TAMA), first described here. We then estimate a landscape-level rate of aboveground…
Keywords: tropical forest, forest disturbance, forest age, vegetation type, old growth, terra firme, vá, rzea, cerrado, cerradã, o, igapó, change detection, image cubes, WBDI, deforestation
Source: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, Vol. 3, 033505 (2009)
Losses of natural and semi-natural forests, mostly to agriculture, are a significant concern for biodiversity. Against this trend, the area of intensively managed plantation forests increases, and there is much debate about the implications for biodiversity. We provide a comprehensive review of the…
Keywords: Afforestation, biodiversity conservation, certification, context, deforestation, forest management, impact assessment, land use change, landscape ecology
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation 17(5): 925-951
Afghanistan is a semi-arid, mountainous country with a climate similar to New Mexico. Unfortunately, much of the country has been deforested by unsustainable fuelwood harvesting, overgrazing, and even concerns over security. The senior author was invited to assess the Afghanistan forestry situation…
Keywords: restoration, polybag, arid lands, deforestation, foster mum program
Source: In: Haase, D. L.; Pinto, J. R.; Riley, L. E., tech. coords. National Proceedings: Forest and Conservation Nursery Associations - 2011. Proc. RMRS-P-68. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 59-64.
This chapter develops a framework to explore examples of adaptation options that could be used to ensure that the ecosystem services provided by forests are maintained under future climates. The services are divided into broad areas within which managers can identify specific management goals for…
Keywords: climate change, forest management, forest planning, adaptation, boreal forests, temperate forests, subtropical forests, tropical forests, deforestation, forest degradation, carbon emissions, carbon sinks
Source: In: Seppala, Risto; Buck, Alexander; Katila, Pia, eds. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A Global Assessment Report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22. Helsinki, Finland: IUFRO. p. 135-186.
1.As human population size increases, demand for natural resources will increase. Logging pressure related to increasing demands continues to threaten remote areas of Amazonian forest. A harvest protocol is required to provide renewable timber resources that meet consumer needs while minimizing…
Keywords: bats, conservation, deforestation, habitat use, population dynamics, sustainable-use forest management
Source: Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, :14–25.
Little is known about the tropical forests that undergo clearing as urban/built-up and other developed lands spread. This study uses remote sensing-based maps of Puerto Rico, multinomial logit models and forest inventory data to explain patterns of forest age and the age of forests cleared for land…
Keywords: land development, urbanization, secondary forest, biodiversity, deforestation
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 113, G02S04,