Management of camping impacts in protected areas worldwide is limited by inadequate understanding of spatial patterns of impact and attention to spatial management strategies. Spatial patterns of campsite impact were studied in two subalpine plant communities in the Wind River Mountains, Wyoming,…
Keywords: campsites, ecological impact, recreation ecology, resistance, vegetation impact, wilderness
Source: Journal of environmental management. 70(1): 73-84
One of the primary purposes of designated wilderness areas is protection of natural ecosystems. However, the ecological integrity of these most protected of public lands is threatened by direct and indirect effects of human activities both internal and external to wilderness. Accelerated research…
Keywords: ecological impact, ecological restoration, nature preservation, research needs, threats, wilderness
Source: Ecological applications. 6(1): 168-18
Previously undisturbed sites in four different vegetation types were camped on for one night and for four nights. Changes in vegetation cover and vegetation height were measured after camping and one year later. Results are presented separately for different campsite zones-parts of the site where…
Keywords: campsites, ecological impact, resistance, vegetation impact, wilderness
Source: Environmental management. 19(3): -416
The overall trend in condition on established campsites was one of slight deterioration, with the most deterioration occurring in campsite area, mineral soil exposure, and tree damage. Impacts to ground cover vegetation were relatively stable. Differences in amount of impact between high-use and…
Keywords: ecological impact, campsites, wilderness, backcountry, trends, Eagle Cap Wilderness, Bob Marshall Wilderness, Grand Canyon National Park
Source: Res. Pap. INT-453. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 40 p
Information about packstock use in wilderness in summarized. The results of a survey of managers of all wilderness areas are presented. Sections describe: the amount and composition of packstock use in wilderness, impacts associated with packstock use, methods for monitoring impacts caused by…
Keywords: ecological impact, wilderness management, monitoring, grazing, working animals
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-301. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 33 p.
Little is known about the potential short- and long-term impacts of sudden oak death (SOD) on forest structure and composition. This study began in 2002 to evaluate the effects of SOD on coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) - California bay laurel (Umbellularia californica) forests over a gradient of…
Keywords: sudden oak death, coast live oak, California bay laurel, stand reconstruction, ecological impact
Source: In: Frankel, Susan J.; Shea, Patrick J.; and Haverty, Michael I., tech. coords. Proceedings of the sudden oak death second science symposium: the state of our knowledge. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-196. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: 179-180
The condition of campsites was examined in the Bob Marshall Wilderness, Montana. The amount of change that has occurred on these sites was inferred by comparing campsites with comparable control sites. Trampling disturbance - loss of vegetation, exposure of mineral soil, and compaction of the soil…
Keywords: ecological impact, campsites, wilderness, backcountry management, outfitters, packstock, Montana, Bob Marshall Wilderness
Source: Res. Pap. INT-RP-312. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 18 p.
Subalpine lakeshore campsites were studied in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, Oreg. Light-use campsites had experienced almost as much alteration as moderate- and heavy-use sites. Sites set back from lakeshores had changed as much as lakeshore sites. Selected indicators of ecological change were…
Keywords: ecological impact, campsites, wilderness management
Source: Res. Pap. INT-RP-284. Ogden, Utah: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 34 p.
The southern pine beetle (SPB) is the most important biotic disturbance in southern pine forests and causes extensive changes to the forest environment. In this chapter we provide an overview of the ecological impacts of the SPB on forest conditions (the state of the forest) and on forest resources…
Keywords: biotic disturbance, ecological impact, forest succession, hydrology, nutrient cycling, primary production, wildlife habitat
Source: In: Coulson, R.N.; Klepzig, K.D. 2011. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 223-234.
Unprecedented rates of introduction and spread of non-native species pose burgeoning challenges to biodiversity, natural resource management, regional economies, and human health. Current biosecurity efforts are failing to keep pace with globalization, revealing critical gaps in our understanding…
Keywords: biosecurity, climate change, ecological impact, invasive species, management, risk assessment
Source: Environmental Reviews