The Biscuit Fire in southwestern Oregon was one of the largest and most costly in recent history, burning over 499,000 acres and costing over 150 million dollars in suppression efforts. This study uses prefire resource information in conjunction with postfire burn severity to generate statistically…
Keywords: Forest inventory, fire severity, forest resources, Biscuit Fire
Source: Res. Pap. PNW-RP-560. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 32 p
VOLUME 2: This state-of-knowledge review about the effects of fire on flora and fuels can assist land managers with ecosystem and fire management planning and in their efforts to inform others about the ecological role of fire. Chapter topics include fire regime classification, autecological…
Keywords: ecosystem, fire effects, fire management, fire regime, fire severity, fuels, habitat, plant response, plants, succession, vegetation
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 257 p.
Space and airborne sensors have been used to map area burned, assess characteristics of active fires, and characterize post-fire ecological effects. Confusion about fire intensity, fire severity, burn severity, and related terms can result in the potential misuse of the inferred information by land…
Keywords: burn severity, burned area, ecological change, fire atlas, fire intensity, fire perimeters, fire radiative power, fire severity, Normalized Burn Ratio, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, radiative energy
Source: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 15(3): 319-345.
Climate change and past management, including fire suppression, have been linked to changing patterns of fire in the last century. It is widely believed that many forested areas have moved from a regime of low and mixed severity fire to more frequent and more continuous high severity fire (Hessburg…
Keywords: aquatic ecosystems, fire regimes, fire severity, fish
Source: Mixed severity fire regimes: ecology and management; symposium proceedings; November 17-19, 2004. Pullman, Wash.: Washington State University Extension: 187-191
The remote sensing of fire severity is a noted goal in studies of forest and grassland wildfires. Experiments were conducted to discover and evaluate potential relationships between the characteristics of African savannah fires and post-fire surface spectral reflectance in the visible to shortwave…
Keywords: fire severity, savannah, surface reflectance, char, nitrogen, carbon, burn severity index, linear and non-linear spectral unmixing, elemental emission factor
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment. 97(1): 92-115.
Canadian mixedwood forests have a high compositional and structural diversity. It includes both hardwood (aspen, balsam poplar, and white birch) and softwood (balsam fir, white spruce, black spruce, larch, and white cedar) species that can form pure stands or mixed stands. This heterogeneity…
Keywords: wildland fire management, Canadian mixedwood forests, boreal forest, fire behaviour, fire severity
Source: In: Butler, Bret W.; Cook, Wayne, comps. The fire environment--innovations, management, and policy; conference proceedings. 26-30 March 2007; Destin, FL. Proceedings RMRS-P-46CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. CD-ROM. p. 187-193
Fire risk is an ever present management concern in many urban interface regions. To mitigate this risk, land management agencies have expanded their options beyond prescribed fire to include vegetation mastication and other mechanical fuel treatments. This research project examined fire severity…
Keywords: fire, fire ecology, fuels management, fire severity, fire intensity, vegetation mastication, mechanical fuel treatments
Source: In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Butler, Bret W., comps. 2006. Fuels Management-How to Measure Success: Conference Proceedings. 28-30 March 2006; Portland, OR. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 419-428
Predicting plant community responses to changing environmental conditions is a key element of forecasting and mitigating the effects of global change. Disturbance can play an important role in these dynamics, by initiating cycles of secondary succession and generating opportunities for communities…
Keywords: Betula neoalaskana, boosted regression trees, composite burn index, fire severity, Picea mariana, Populus tremuloides, postfire succession, seedling recruitment, topography
Source: Global Change Biology. 16(4): 1281-1295
Fire managers are now realizing that wildfires can be beneficial because they can reduce hazardous fuels and restore fire-dominated ecosystems. A software tool that assesses potential beneficial and detrimental ecological effects from wildfire would be helpful to fire management. This paper…
Keywords: landscape modeling, historical range and variability, fire effects, fire severity, vegetation succession
Source: Ecological Modelling. 221: 1162-1172.
Local distributions of black spruce (Picea mariana) and white spruce (Picea glauca) are largely determined by edaphic and topographic factors in the interior of Alaska, with black spruce dominant on moist permafrost sites and white spruce dominant on drier upland sites. Given the…
Keywords: bayesian analysis, black spruce, detrended correspondence analysis, fire severity, long-distance dispersal, negative binomial, organic layer, permafrost, recruitment, spruce seedling identification, survival, white spruce
Source: Ecological Monographs. 78(4): 489-505