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The impact of forests on water has been a subject of argument for more than a century. It still is; and many studies conform that there is no single right answer in the debate. In the Lake States, clearcutting natural peatlands will not change annual streamflow nor will it seriously impact water…
Author(s): Elon S. Verry
Keywords: clearcutting, streamflow, forest fire, water quality, peatlands, wetlands, uplands, water yield
Source: Water Resources Bulletin. 22(6): 1039-1047.
Year: 1986
A collection of papers presented at the Ninth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management highlight research findings from studies supported by the National Fire Plan. These studies focus on the human dimensions of wildfire, and look at the perceptions and actions of individuals,…
Author(s): Pamela J. Jakes
Keywords: forest fire, wildland-urban interface, defensible space, fuel mitigation, wildfire management
Source: Proceedings of the Ninth International symposium on society and management; 2002 June 2-5; Bloomington, Indiana. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-231. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station. 92 p.
Year: 2003
An efficient and accurate inventory of forest fuels at large scales is critical for assessment of forest fire hazards across landscapes. The Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of the USDA Forest Service conducts a national inventory of fuels along with blind remeasurement of a portion of…
Author(s): J.A. Westfall, C.W. Woodall
Keywords: fuels inventory, data quality, measurement bias, down woody material, forest fire, forest biomass
Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 253: 171-176.
Year: 2007
A field guide of 40 photographs of common hardwood trees of eastern oak forests and fuel loadings surrounding their bases. The guide contains instructions on how to rapidly assess a tree's likelihood to be damaged or killed by prescribed burning.
Author(s): Patrick H. Brose
Keywords: forest fire, forest fuels, Quercus, shelterwood system
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-44. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 95 p.
Year: 2009
Pine straw is renewable natural resource that is under-utilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the physical and mechanical performances of pine straw composites. Three panel density levels (0.8, 0.9, 1.0 g/cm2) and two resin content levels (1% pMDI + 4% UF, 2% pMDI + 4% UF) were…
Author(s): Cheng Piao, Todd F. Shupe, Chung Y. Hse, Jamie Tang
Keywords: pine straw, pine needles, bio-composites, forest fire, renewable natural resources, bamboo, composites
Source: In: Bio-Based Composites Symposium, Volume 1 Nanjing, China, October 31-November 2, 288-296
Year: 2004
Black oak forest floor fuelbeds under 20 - and 40-year-old stands in southeast Missouri averaged 6.4 and 4.2 inches in depth, respectively. Loose Litter averaged 2.0 and 2.9 tons per acre and 3.3 inces in depth. Bulk density of litter averaged 0.33 and 0.49 lb/ft3 and of total forest floor 0.89…
Author(s): John S. Crosby, Robert M. Loomis
Keywords: forest fuels, black oak, forest fire, fuel models
Source: Research Note NC-162. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Year: 1974
Amount of organic matter on the forest floor under a typical southeast Missouri oak stand varies about 2.1 tons/acre from season of greatest to season to least accumulation. This also corresponds to the amount of annual litter fall. Maximum accumulation of 7.5 tons/acre occured in Novermber after…
Author(s): Robert M. Loomis
Keywords: forest fuels, forest fire, biomass
Source: Research Note NC-184. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Year: 1975
Characteristics of upland forest floors under mature jack pine and aspen in northeastern Minnesota were investigated. These fuel measurements were needed as inputs for fire behavior prediction models -- useful for fire management decisions. The forest floor weight averaged 33,955 kg/ha and depth…
Author(s): Robert M. Loomis
Keywords: forest fuels, forest fire, fuel models
Source: Research Note NC-222. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Year: 1977
The Fire and Fuels Extension (FFE) to the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) simulates fuel dynamics and potential fire behaviour over time, in the context of stand development and management. Existing models of fire behavior and fire effects were added to FVS to form this extension. New submodels…
Author(s): Elizabeth Reinhardt, Nicholas L. Crookston
Keywords: FVS, FFE, forest fire, stand dynamics, FOFEM, BEHAVE, NEXUS, snags, coarse woody debris
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-116. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 209 p.
Year: 2003
The RAWS network and RAWS data-use systems are closely reviewed and summarized in this report. RAWS is an active program created by the many land-management agencies that share a common need for accurate and timely weather data from remote locations for vital operational and program decisions…
Author(s): John Zachariassen, Karl F. Zeller, Ned Nikolov, Tom McClelland
Keywords: weather data, fire business, fire use, National Fire Danger Rating System, NFDRS, fire danger, RAWS, forest fire, wildland fire, weather observations, prescribed burns
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-119. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 153 p + CD.
Year: 2003
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