Biodiversity mapping (e.g., the Gap Analysis Program [GAP]), in which vegetative features and categories of land use are mapped at coarse spatial scales, has been proposed as a reliable tool for land use decisions (e.g., reserve identification, selection, and design). This implicitly assumes that…
Keywords: biological diversity, conservation, decision theory, gap analysis, GIS, landscape modeling, mapping, population modeling, reserve design, sampling, scaling
Source: Ecological Applications. 6(3): 763-773
The range and variation of historical landscape dynamics could provide a useful reference for designing fuel treatments on today's landscapes. Simulation modeling is a vehicle that can be used to estimate the range of conditions experienced on historical landscapes. A landscape fire succession…
Keywords: Historical range and variation (HRV), simulation modeling, LANDSUM, landscape modeling, landscape fire ecology, spatial modeling
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-171. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 73 p.
Fire managers are now realizing that wildfires can be beneficial because they can reduce hazardous fuels and restore fire-dominated ecosystems. A software tool that assesses potential beneficial and detrimental ecological effects from wildfire would be helpful to fire management. This paper…
Keywords: landscape modeling, historical range and variability, fire effects, fire severity, vegetation succession
Source: Ecological Modelling. 221: 1162-1172.
We develop an integrated model to predict private land-use decisions in response to policy incentives designed to increase the provision of carbon sequestration and species conservation across heterogeneous landscapes. Using data from the Willamette Basin, Oregon, we compare the provision of carbon…
Keywords: conservation payments, ecosystem services, landscape modeling, private landowners, land-use change
Source: PNAS, Vol. 105(28): 9471-9476
Forest management affects the quality and availability of roost sites for forest-dwelling bats, but information on roost selection beyond the scale of individual forest stands is limited. We evaluated effects of topography (elevation, slope, and proximity of roads and streams), forest habitat class…
Keywords: Arkansas, bats, Eptesicus fuscus, forest management, landscape modeling, Lasiurus, Myotis sptenrionalis, Nycticeius humeralis, Perimyotis subflavus, roost selection
Source: Journal of Wildlife Management. 74(4): 913-925
A common approach to land use change analyses in multidisciplinary landscape-level studies is to delineate discrete forest and non-forest or urban and non-urban land use categories to serve as inputs into sets of integrated sub-models describing socioeconomic and ecological processes. Such discrete…
Keywords: Ecological economics, forest/urban interface, land use change, landscape modeling, western Oregon, USA
Source: Landscape Ecology. 18:347-361
Restoration planning, evaluation, and implementation are important in areas where abiotic disturbances (e.g., wildfires, hurricanes, and ice storms), biotic disturbances (e.g., outbreaks of native and exotic invasive pests and diseases), and anthropogenic disturbances (e.g., harvesting, planting,…
Keywords: landscape modeling, forest restoration, southern pine beetle, LANDIS model, desired future forest conditions, southern Appalachian Mountains
Source: Journal of Forestry: 191-198
Reliable predictions of the effects changing climate and disturbance regimes will have on forest ecosystems are crucial for effective forest management. Current fire and climate research in forest ecosystem and community ecology offers data and methods that can inform such predictions. However,…
Keywords: fire, climate change, landscape modeling, scaling, temporal dynamics
Source: 21st Annual Symposium of the United States Regional Chapter of the International Association for Landscape Ecology, March 28-31, San Diego, CA. 66 p.
In forested, mountain landscapes where debris flows are common, valley-spanning debris dams formed by debris-flow deposition are a common feature of headwater valleys. In this paper, we examine how wood and boulder steps, i.e., debris dams, affect longitudinal profile relief and gradient at the…
Keywords: Debris dams, landscape modeling, topography
Source: Geomorphology. 82: 84-97
As landscape-scale assessments and modeling become a more common method for evaluating alternatives in integrated resource management, new techniques are needed to display and evaluate outcomes for large numbers of stands over long periods. In this proof of concept, we evaluate the potential to…
Keywords: forest products, ecological restoration, wood supply, cost, revenue, GIS, landscape analysis, landscape modeling, ecosystem management
Source: Landscape and Urban Planning. 80: 237-248.