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Local distributions of black spruce (Picea mariana) and white spruce (Picea glauca) are largely determined by edaphic and topographic factors in the interior of Alaska, with black spruce dominant on moist permafrost sites and white spruce dominant on drier upland sites. Given the…
Author(s): C. Wirth, J.W. Lichstein, J. Dushoff, A. Chen, F.S.III Chapin
Keywords: bayesian analysis, black spruce, detrended correspondence analysis, fire severity, long-distance dispersal, negative binomial, organic layer, permafrost, recruitment, spruce seedling identification, survival, white spruce
Source: Ecological Monographs. 78(4): 489-505
Year: 2008
Population genetics plays an increasingly important role in the conservation and management of declining species, particularly for defining taxonomic units. Subspecies are recognized by several conservation organizations and countries and receive legal protection under the US Endangered Species Act…
Author(s): W.Chris Funk, Eric D. Forsman, Thomas D. Mullins, Susan M. Haig
Keywords: conservation, introgression, long-distance dispersal, microsatellites, spotted owl, Strix occidentalis, subspecies, US Endangered Species Act
Source: Evolutionary Applications. 1: 161-171
Year: 2008
The rate of future climate change is likely to exceed the migration rates of most plant species. The replacement of dominant species by locally rare species may require decades, and extinctions may occur when plant species cannot migrate fast enough to escape the consequences of climate change.…
Author(s): Ronald P. Neilson, Louis F. Pitelka, Allen M. Solomon, Ran Nathan, Guy F. Midgley, Jóse M. Fragoso, Heike Lischke, Ken Thompson
Keywords: climate change, dispersal, migration, long-distance dispersal, dynamic global vegetation models
Source: Bioscience. 55(9): 749-759
Year: 2005
Recreational travel is a recognized vector for the spread of invasive species in North America. However, there has been little quantitative analysis of the risks posed by such travel and the associated transport of firewood. In this study, we analyzed the risk of forest insect spread with firewood…
Author(s): Frank H. Koch, Denys Yemshanov, Roger D. Magarey, William D. Smith
Keywords: biological invasion, firewood, invasive forest pest, human-mediated dispersal, long-distance dispersal
Source: J. Econ. Entomol. 105(2):438-450
Year: 2012
Dispersal can play an important role in the population dynamics of forest insects, but the role of long-distance immigration and emigration remains unclear due to the difficulty of quantifying dispersal distance and direction. We designed an agent-based spruce budworm flight behavior model that,…
Author(s): Brian R. Sturtevant, Gary L. Achtemeier, Joseph J. Charney, Dean P. Anderson, Barry J. Cooke, Phillip A. Townsend
Keywords: spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana, long-distance dispersal, aerobiology, agent-based modeling
Source: Agriculture and Forest Meteorology. 168: 186-200.
Year: 2013
Current evidence from temperate studies suggests that ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi require overland routes for migration because of their obligate symbiotic associations with woody plants. Despite their key roles in arctic ecosystems, the phylogenetic diversity and phylogeography of arctic ECM fungi…
Author(s): J. Geml, I. Timling, C.H. Robinson, N. Lennon, H.C. Nusbaum, C. Brochmann, M.E. Noordeloos, D.L. Taylor
Keywords: Arctic, biodiversity, climate change, dispersal, fungi, gene flow, ITS rDNA, long-distance dispersal, migration, phylogeography
Source: Journal of Biogeography. 39: 74-88. doi: 1 0.1111/j.1365-2699.20 11 02588.x
Year: 2011
Climate change impacts tree species differentially by exerting unique pressures and altering their suitable habitats. We previously predicted these changes in suitable habitat for current and future climates using a species habitat model (DISTRIB) in the eastern United States. Based on the accuracy…
Author(s): Anantha M. Prasad, Judith D. Gardiner, Louis R. Iverson, Stephen N. Matthews, Matthew Peters
Keywords: cell-based simulation model, convolution, eastern United States, fast fourier transforms, long-distance dispersal, oak forest types, range-limit dynamics, tree species migration
Source: Global Change Biology. 19: 2196-2208.
Year: 2013
We report the long-distance dispersal of a subadult male cougar (Puma concolor) from South Dakota to Milford, Connecticut, where it was struck and killed by a vehicle. Genetic samples suggest this animal originated from the Black Hills of South Dakota while isotope analysis and physical inspection…
Author(s): Jason E. Hawley, Paul W. Rego, Adrian P. Wydeven, Michael K. Schwartz, Tabitha C. Viner, Roland Kays, Kristine L. Pilgrim, Jonathan A. Jenks
Keywords: Black Hills, Connecticut, eastern cougar, long-distance dispersal, Minnesota, mountain lion, Puma concolor, South Dakota, Wisconsin
Source: Journal of Mammalogy. doi: 10.1093/jmammal/gyw088.
Year: 2016
Dispersal can strongly influence the demographic and evolutionary trajectory of populations. For many species, little is known about dispersal, despite its importance to conservation. The Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) is a species of conservation concern that ranges across 11…
Author(s): Todd B. Cross, David E. Naugle, John C. Carlson, Michael K. Schwartz
Keywords: Centrocercus urophasianus, Greater Sage-Grouse, mark-recapture, microsatellite, molecular genetics, long-distance dispersal, philopatry
Source: The Condor. 119(1): 155-166.
Year: 2017