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This report provides an assessment and compilation of recreation-related monitoring data sources across the National Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS). Telephone interviews with managers of all units of the NWPS and a literature search were conducted to locate studies that provide campsite…
Author(s): David N. Cole, Vita Wright
Keywords: campsite condition, monitoring, National Wilderness Preservation System, trail condition, visitor characteristics
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-117. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 52 p.
Year: 2003
The commercial harvest of edible forest fungi has mushroomed into a multimillion dollar industry with several thousand tons harvested annually. The development of this special forest product industry has raised considerable controversy about how this resource should be managed, especially on public…
Author(s): Randy Molina, Thomas O'Dell, Daniel Luoma, Michael Amaranthus, Michael Castellano, Kenelm Russell
Keywords: Fungi, mushrooms, mycorrhizae, monitoring, forest ecology, forest management, special forest products, recreation
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-309. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 42 p
Year: 1993
Ecosystem management is the dominant paradigm for managing the forests of the Pacific Northwest. It integrates biological, ecological, geophysical, and silvicultural information to develop adaptive management practices that conserve biological diversity and maintain ecosystem functioning while…
Author(s): D. Pilz, R. Molina
Keywords: Fungi, mushrooms, ecosystem management, forest management, inventory, monitoring, biodiversity, special forest products, mycorrhizae
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-371. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 104 p
Year: 1996
The XYLOBIOS project aims to study patterns, roles and determinants of saproxylic diversity (i.e., species richness and abundance of organisms which are dependent upon the dead or dying wood of moribund or dead trees, or upon the presence of other saproxylics) found in Belgian beech Fagus sylvatica…
Author(s): Philippe Fayt, Etienne Branquart, Marc Dufrene, Jean-Marc Henin, Christophe Pontegnie, Veerle Versteirt
Keywords: beech, biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, monitoring, oak, saproxylic organism, woody debris
Source: In: McManus, Michael L.; Liebhold, Andrew M., eds. Proceedings: Ecology, Survey and Management of Forest Insects; 2002 September 1-5; Krakow, Poland. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-311. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 128-129.
Year: 2003
Beginning in 1996, populations of Ips typographus in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region (NE Italy) have been monitored by using pheromone traps.
Author(s): F. Stergulc, M. Faccoli
Keywords: Ips typographus, monitoring, pheromone traps, damage forecast
Source: In: McManus, Michael L.; Liebhold, Andrew M., eds. Proceedings: Ecology, Survey and Management of Forest Insects; 2002 September 1-5; Krakow, Poland. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-311. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 168-169.
Year: 2003
Industrial air pollution has been identified as one of the primary causes of severe damage to forests of central Europe in the past 30 to 40 years. The mountain forest ecosystems have been affected considerably, resulting in extensive areas of severely deteriorated forest stands (e.g., the Krusne…
Author(s): Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Michael J. Arbaugh, Susan L. Schilling
Keywords: effects on forests, monitoring, nitrogen deposition, ozone, sulfur dioxide
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 332 p
Year: 1998
The Western United States has a rich heritage of biological diversity within the wilderness areas. To access human disturbances compared to human-undisturbed sites, the tool of “benchmarking” is used, where sites are compared over time. The resulting data and photographic records are the basis of…
Author(s): Charles G. Johnson
Keywords: wilderness, diversity, monitoring, techniques, photography, human impacts
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 3: Wilderness as a place for scientific inquiry; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-3. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 82-83
Year: 2000
The exponential growth of recreation and tourism or ecotourism activities is affecting ecological processes in protected areas of Chile. In order to protect protected areas integrity, all projects inside their boundaries must pass through the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The purpose of…
Author(s): Anibal Pauchard, Eduardo Ugarte, Jaime Millan
Keywords: wilderness, protected areas, recreation, tourism, ecotourism, ecosystems, biodiversity, vegetation, monitoring, human impacts, Chile
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 3: Wilderness as a place for scientific inquiry; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-3. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 111-116
Year: 2000
Since its inception as a wilderness planning and management tool almost 15 years ago, the Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) process has stressed the importance of monitoring. Monitoring social conditions is critical to ensure that quality visitor experiences are maintained. Ten years of data…
Author(s): Joe L. Ashor
Keywords: wilderness, social indicators, monitoring, Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC), crowding, Bear Trap Canyon Wilderness, Montana
Source: In: Cole, David N.; McCool, Stephen F.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 4: Wilderness visitors, experiences, and visitor management; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-4. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 229-231
Year: 2000
Winter use in Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks increased dramatically in the 1980s and early 1990s. That increase and the emphasis on snowmobiles as the primary mode of transportation brought into focus a host of winter-related issues, including air pollution, unwanted sound, wildlife…
Author(s): John A. Sacklin, Kristin L. Legg, M. Sarah Creachbaum, Clifford L. Hawkes, George Helfrich
Keywords: winter, planning, monitoring, outdoor recreation, snowmobiles, legislation, regulations, Yellowstone National Park, Grand Teton National Park, Montana, Wyoming
Source: In: Cole, David N.; McCool, Stephen F.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 4: Wilderness visitors, experiences, and visitor management; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-4. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 243-250
Year: 2000
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