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In recent years, some philosophers, historians and literary critics have condemned the “Received Wilderness Idea.” Close examination reveals that this Received Wilderness Idea is a literary/philosophical construct little related to the Real Wilderness Idea that conservationists have used to…
Author(s): Dave Foreman
Keywords: wilderness, philosophy, conservation, preservation
Source: In: Cole, David N.; McCool, Stephen F.; Freimund, Wayne A.; O'Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference-Volume 1: Changing perspectives and future directions; 1999 May 23-27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-1. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 32-38
Year: 2000
Two wilderness visionaries, Robert Marshall and Howard Zahniser, were influenced by their personal wilderness experiences in the Adirondack Mountains of New York and the “forever wild” legislation that protected those Forest Preserve areas. Both learned from and contributed to the wilderness…
Author(s): Chad P. Dawson, Ed Zahniser
Keywords: wilderness, preservation, Wilderness Act of 1964, Adirondack Mountains, New York
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 2: Wilderness within the context of larger systems; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 45-48
Year: 2000
We are often urged to preserve wilderness for the sake of future generations. Future generations consist of potential persons who are mute stakeholders in the decisions of today. Many claims about the rights of future generations or our present obligations to them have been vigorously advanced and…
Author(s): Thomas A. More, James R. Averill, Thomas H. Stevens
Keywords: wilderness, preservation, future generations
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 2: Wilderness within the context of larger systems; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 81-85
Year: 2000
Economic growth is a perennial national goal. Perpetual economic growth and wilderness preservation are mutually exclusive. Wilderness scholarship has not addressed this conflict. The economics profession is unlikely to contribute to resolution, because the neoclassical paradigm holds that there is…
Author(s): Brian Czech
Keywords: wilderness, preservation, economics, economic growth, policy
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 2: Wilderness within the context of larger systems; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 194-200
Year: 2000
Wilderness advocacy in Alabama is as unique as the cultural flavor of the South. This paper documents how the most recent wave of wilderness activism in Alabama, embodied in the Alabama Wilderness Alliance, Wild Alabama, and WildLaw, have sought to place themselves within the cultural roots and…
Author(s): Bryan K. Walton
Keywords: wilderness, organizations, interest groups, preservation, cultural values, Alabama
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 2: Wilderness within the context of larger systems; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 273-278
Year: 2000
This essay offers some loosely organized comments on the project of preserving wilderness on the scale of the big outside. These comments are arranged around a subject that has been the topic of quite a bit of debate over the past few years—the possibility that the nature in our discussions about…
Author(s): R. McGreggor Cawley
Keywords: wilderness, preservation, social construction, human constructs
Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 2: Wilderness within the context of larger systems; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 295-300
Year: 2000
Wilderness preservation is strongly supported by the American people (Cordell et al. 1998) and a substantial portion of the public domain has been allocated to wilderness. The Wilderness Act of 1964 and more than 135 subsequent wilderness bills have created a National Wilderness Preservation System…
Author(s): David N. Cole
Keywords: wilderness, management, preservation, policy
Source: George Wright forum. 20(3): 26-33
Year: 2003
Reaction of wood with anhydrides, isocyanates, and epoxides reduces the moisture content of the cell wall and increases the resistance of the modified wood to attack by fungi. As the level of bonded chemical increases. the cell wall equilibrium moisture content decreases and the resistance to…
Author(s): Roger M. Rowell
Keywords: Chemical modification, reaction systems, moisture content, decay resistance, plant cell walls, wood-decaying fungi, anhidrides, epoxy compounds, isocyanates, wood preservation, resistance to decay, modified wood, moisture content, preservation, chemical modification of wood
Source: Drewno. Vol. 48, no. 173 (2005): pages [111]-117.
Year: 2005
In 1993, unseasoned pine posts were treated with groundline remedial treatment containing 3.1% copper hydroxide and 40% sodium tetraborate decahydrate (borax). The soundness of the posts was periodically evaluated using a push test. After 3.5, 6.5, and 10 years, sections were taken from two posts…
Author(s): Douglas Crawford, Stan Lebow, Mike West, Bill Abbott
Keywords: Wood poles, preservation, electric lines, borax, wood preservatives, wood-decaying fungi, pine, decay, posts, preservatives, copper hydroxide, resistance to decay, durability, groundline
Source: Proceedings, one hundred first annual meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... New Orleans, Louisiana, May 15-17, 2005; volume 101. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Preservers' Association, 2005: pages 94-102.
Year: 2005
Wood preservatives extend the useful service life of all wooden commodities used above ground and in ground contact, Over SO years ago, the USDA-Forest Products Lab established tests in a high decay and high termite hazard zone in southern Mississippi. During the last five decades, periodic reports…
Author(s): Mike H. Freeman, Douglas Crawford, Patricia Lebow, James A. Brient
Keywords: Preservatives, posts, efficacy, performance, life span, southern pines, wood preservatives, wood poles, preservation, decay, southern yellow pine, resistance to decay, durability, service tests
Source: Proceedings, one hundred first annual meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... New Orleans, Louisiana, May 15-17, 2005, volume 101. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Preservers' Association, 2005: pages 136-143.
Year: 2005
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