Uncertainty as to the extent and magnitude of changes in conditions that might occur due to climate change poses a problem for land and resource managers as they seek to adapt to changes and mitigate effects of climate variability. We illustrate using scenarios of projected future conditions on…
Keywords: adaptive management, climate change, indicators, monitoring, rangelands, resilience, uncertainty, vulnerability
Source: Ecosystem Health and Sustainability. 3(3): e01264.
The Update to the 2010 Resources Planning Act (RPA) Assessment summarizes findings about the status, trends, and projected future of forests, rangelands, wildlife, biodiversity, water, outdoor recreation, and urban forests, as well as the effects of climate change upon these resources. Varying…
Keywords: Assessment, scenarios, forests, rangelands, biodiversity, vulnerability
Source: General Technical Report
Rangeland landscapes occupy roughly 662 million acres in the coterminous U.S. (Reeves and Mitchell 2011) and their vegetation responds quickly to climate and management, with high relative growth rates and inter-annual variability. Current national decision support systems in the U.S. such as the…
Keywords: modelling, remote sensing, fuels, rangelands
Source: In: Iwaasa, Alan; Lardner, H. A. (Bart); Schellenberg, Mike; Willms, Walter; Larson, Kathy, eds. Proceedings of the 10th International Rangelands Congress: The Future Management of Grazing and Wild Lands in a High-Tech World; 16-22 July, 2016; Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The International Rangeland Congress. p. 1062-1063.
The Bureau of Land Management manages 246 million surface acres (100 million hectares) across the United States for multiple uses and sustained yield. Ensuring protection of ecological systems in the context of multiple, and often conflicting, resource uses and values is a challenge. Ecological…
Keywords: ecological systems, ecological integrity, rangelands, multiple-use landscapes, complementary broadscale indicators, multiscale information, planning, management
Source: In: Carter, Sarah K.; Carr, Natasha B.; Miller, Kevin H.; Wood, David J. A., eds. Multiscale Guidance and Tools for Implementing a Landscape Approach to Resource Management in the Bureau of Land Management. Open-File Report 2016-1207. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey. p. 39-53.
We examined multiple environmental factors related to climate change that affect cattle production on rangelands to identify sources of vulnerability among seven regions of the western United States. Climate change effects were projected to 2100 using published spatially explicit model output for…
Keywords: cattle, climate change, rangelands, vulnerability
Source: Rangeland Ecology and Management. 70(5): 529-539.
A longer growing season with climate change is expected to increase net primary productivity of many rangeland types, especially those dominated by grasses, although responses will depend on local climate and soil conditions. Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide may increase water use efficiency and…
Keywords: rangelands, vulnerability, climate change, nonnative plants, adaptation, sagebrush, woodlands, grasslands, shrublands
Source: In: Halofsky Jessica; Peterson David L., eds. Climate Change and Rocky Mountain Ecosystems. Advances in Global Change Research, Vol. 63. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature. p. 97-114.
Rangeland degradation is a growing problem throughout the world. An assessment process for com-paring the trend and state of vegetation productivity to objectively derived reference conditions wasdeveloped. Vegetation productivity was estimated from 2000 to 2012 using annual maximum Normalized…
Keywords: rangelands, degradation, reference conditions, MODIS, NDVI
Source: Ecological Indicators. 43: 172-182.
In the coming decades, population growth, economic growth, and associated land-use changes - in concert with climate change - will influence forests and rangelands in the Interior West. Society’s demand for ecosystem goods and services continues to increase as human and biophysical change alter the…
Keywords: Science You Can Use, SYCU, forests, rangelands, Interior West, climate change, ecosystem goods and services, natural resources
Source: Science You Can Use Bulletin, Issue 8. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 13 p.
The purpose of this study was to review scientific knowledge and model projections on vegetation vulnerability to climatic and other environmental changes in the Pacific Northwest, with emphasis on five major biome types: subalpine forests and alpine meadows, maritime coniferous forests, dry…
Keywords: Climate change, Pacific Northwest, forests, rangelands, vulnerability
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNWGTR-900. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 183 p.
The potential effects of climate change on net primary productivity (NPP) of U.S. rangelands were evaluated using estimated climate regimes from the A1B, A2 and B2 global change scenarios imposed on the biogeochemical cycling model, Biome-BGC from 2001 to 2100. Temperature, precipitation, vapor…
Keywords: climate change, net primary productivity (NPP), rangelands
Source: Climatic Change. 126: 429-442.