Recognizing that fire, grazing, and poor cutting practices had compromised much productivity in farm woodlots in the early 1900s, USDA Forest Service personnel established a demonstration on the Fernow Experimental Forest (FEF) to show the feasibility of two harvesting systems that could be used to…
Keywords: Forest Service, farm, single-tree selection
Source: General Technical Report NC-234. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station
Interest in appropriate management approaches for sustaining longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) forests has increased substantially during the recent decade. Although long-leaf pine can be managed using even-aged techniques, interest in uneven-aged methods has grown significantly as a result of…
Keywords: Artificial regeneration, group selection, growth and yield, natural regeneration, prescribed fire, red-cockaded woodpecker, single-tree selection, stand structure
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-78. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 38 p.
We compared indices of total hard mast production (oak and hickory combined) in 20, second-growth, pine-hardwood stands under five treatments to determine the effects of different reproduction treatments on mast production in the Ouachita Mountains. We evaluated mast production in mature…
Keywords: Acorns, Arkansas, Carya, clearcut, group selection, hickories, Oklahoma, Quercus, single-tree selection, shelterwood, silviculture
Source: South. J. Appl. For. 27(4):253-258
The results of a half-century of experience and research with uneven-aged silviculture within the loblolly-shortleaf pine type of the Southern United States are summarized, and silvicultural guidelines for developing and managing uneven-aged stands are provided in this publication.
Keywords: Basal-area-maximum diameter--q (BDq)regulation, group selection, growth and yield, natural stand management, Pinus echinatu Mill, Pinustueda L, single-tree selection, volume/guiding-diameter-limit regulation
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SO-118. New Orleans, LA: U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station. 65 p.
We compared the initial effects of four forest regeneration treatments (single-tree selection, group selection, shelterwood, and clearcut), and unharvested controls (mature, second-growth forest) on relative abundance of small mammals and small-mammal habitat throughout the Ouachita Mountains of…
Keywords: Clearcut, forest management, group selection, regeneration, shelterwood, silviculture, single-tree selection, small mammals, timber harvest
Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 219(1): 81-94
Cumberland Plateau region upland oak forests have undergone a myriad of disturbances (including periods of few and minor disturbances). Traditional timber harvesting practices such as diameter-limit cutting have negatively altered species composition and skewed stand structure, especially on medium…
Keywords: Cumberland Plateau, diameter-limit cut, single-tree selection, uneven-aged management
Source: In: Butnor, John R., ed. 2012. Proceedings of the 16th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-156. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 292-301.
Standing dead trees (snags) are an important component of forest ecosystems, providing foraging, nesting, and roosting substrate for a variety of vertebrates. We examined the effects of four forest regeneration treatments on residual snag density and compared those with densities found in…
Keywords: snags, regeneration, mixed pine-hardwood, Arkansas, Oklahoma, shelterwood, single-tree selection, group selection, clearcut
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43: 619-626
Longleaf pine restoration is a common management objective in the southeastern United States and requires artificial regeneration of longleaf pines on sites currently dominated by loblolly pine. In many cases, retention of canopy trees during stand conversion may be desirable to promote ecological…
Keywords: group selection, herbicide, longleaf pine restoration, red-cockaded woodpecker, silviculture, single-tree selection
Source: Ecological Engineering. 57: 46-56
Proportional basal area (Pro-B) was developed as an accurate, easy-to-use method for making uneven-aged silviculture a practical management option. Following less than 3 h of training, forest staff from a range of professional backgrounds used Pro-B in an operational-scale field study to apply…
Keywords: Pinus palustris Mill, multiaged silviculture, single-tree selection, group selection, Proportional-B
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 44: 977-985
This collection of papers analyzes the Pioneer Forest, a privately owned 150,000-acre working forest in the Missouri Ozarks, on which the science and art of forest management has been practiced for more than 50 years. The papers discuss how this half century of management has contributed to forest…
Keywords: Pioneer forest, L-A-D foundation, Leo A. Drey, uneven-aged forest management, single-tree selection, natural areas, oak-hickory, ozark highlands
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–108. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 123 p.