This paper illustrates how much, how long it takes, and the method in which young western larch responds to snow bend. A 13-year-old vigorous larch stand was flattened by a heavy, wet snow in June 1966 in northwestern Montana. We recorded photographically how two different crown classes (dominant…
Keywords: Larix occidentalis, western larch, snow bend, snow damage, crooked boles
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-54. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 13 p.
Damage to timber surrounding clearcuttings and in one light selection cutting in mixed white fir-red fir stands was monitored for 6 years in northeastern California. In some years, bark beetles apparently killed more trees than did wind damage, but in two of the study years, severe wind storms…
Keywords: Abies magnifica, Abies concolor, wind damage, wind stability, clear-cutting, snow damage, insect damage
Source: Res. Paper PSW-RP-90. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 22 p
Sugar pine and ponderosa pine seedlings in the Sierra Nevada, California, with stems bent by heavy snow loads were photographed the next summer and 10 years later. The photographs show that all trees recovered, leaving no permanent stem crook.
Keywords: Pinus lambertiana, Pinus ponderosa, snow damage
Source: Res. Note PSW-RN-225. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 4 p