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This field guide contains descriptions and color photographs of snags and logs of 10 coniferous and 3 deciduous tree species found in the interior Columbia River basin. Methods arc described to distinguish among the different species when various amounts of branches, cones, and bark arc missing.…
Author(s): Catherine G. Parks, Evelyn L. Bull, Torolf R. Torgersen
Keywords: Cavity nesters, decay fungi, habitat monitoring, hollow trees, interior Columbia River basin, logs, snags, wildlife, wood decay
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-390. Portland, OR: US. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Research Station. 40 p
Year: 1997
This report answers the questions most often asked of the Forest Service on the protection of log cabins from decay, and on practices for the exterior finishing and maintenance of existing cabins. Causes of stain and decay are discussed, as are some basic techniques for building a cabin that will…
Author(s): R. M. Rowell, J. M. Black, L. R. Gjovik, W. C. Feist
Keywords: Decay, maintenance, stains, construction technology, wood preservatives, wood destroying fungi, drainage, ventilation, log cabins, wood decay, prevention, control
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL–GTR–11. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory: 12 p.
Year: 1977
Somatic incompatibility in dikaryotic-monokaryotic (di-mon) and dikaryotic pairings of Echinodontium tinctorium was investigated in vitro on 4.5% malt agar. Antagonistic reactions of varying intensity occurred in all pairings between 12 allopatric dikaryons from Idaho and Arizona, between 14 sib-…
Author(s): A. Dan Wilson
Keywords: Echinodontium, somatic incompatibility, epidemiology, Buller phenomenon, dikaryotic-monokaryotic, wood decay
Source: Can. J. Bot. <b>69:</b> 2716-2723
Year: 1991
Basidiocarps of Echinodontium tinctorium were collected from three widely separated localities in Idaho and Arizona. Freezing basidiospore prints at -20 C for ten weeks stimulated germination. The role of low temperatures in breaking spore dormancy is discussed relative to environmental…
Author(s): A. Dan Wilson
Keywords: Echinodontium, incompatibility, spore germination, wood decay, heartrot, population genetics
Source: <i>Mycologia</i>, 82(3), 1990, pp. 332-341
Year: 1990
In recent years, the performance of copper naphthenate as a wood preservative has been in question. To understand the varying results of copper naphthenate in preventing wood decay, a closer look at eight naphthenic acid (NA) supplies was undertaken. Initial studies of NA samples from individual…
Author(s): Brett Niemi, Wayne St. John, Bessie Woodward, Rodney DeGroot, Gary McGinnis
Keywords: Naphthenic acid, fractionation, wood decay, supercritical fluid extraction, copper naphthenate, wood preservatives
Source: Proceedings of the Ninety-Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... Scottsdale, Arizona, May 17-19, 1998. Volume 94. Granbury, Tex. : American Wood-Preservers' Association, 2000: Pages 165-177
Year: 2000
Incised and non-incised Douglas-fir, western hemlock, and ponderosa pine L- joints were treated with ammoniacal-based pentachlorophenol, chromated zinc chloride, thiocyanomethylthiobenzothiazole (TCMBT) or TCMTB plus methylenebisthiocyanate or 3 iodo-2-propynyl carbamate with or without…
Author(s): Jeffrey J. Morrell, D.J. Miller, Stan T. Lebow
Keywords: Softwoods, wood preservatives, wood decay
Source: Proceedings of the Ninety-Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... Scottsdale, Arizona, May 17-19, 1998. Volume 94. Granbury, Tex. : American Wood-Preservers' Association, 2000: Pages 249-256
Year: 2000
This publication provides qualitative and quantitative information on five distinct structures: living trees with decayed parts, trees with hollow chambers, trees with brooms, dead trees, and logs. Information is provided on the value of these structures to wildlife, the decay or infection…
Author(s): Evelyn L. Bull, Catherine G. Parks, Torolf R. Torgersen
Keywords: Broom rust, cavity nesters, decay fungi, dwarf mistletoe, Elytroderma, forest management, habitat monitoring, hollow trees, interior Columbia River basin, logs, old-growth forests, snags, wildlife, wood decay
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-391. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 55 p
Year: 1997
This poster presentation reports on recent laboratory work aimed at quantifying the biodegradation process of wood during exposure to natural weathering. Approximately 330 southern pine lumber specimens were placed “above-ground” at an outdoor exposure site near Gulfport, Mississippi for periods up…
Author(s): Xiping Wang, James P. Wacker
Keywords: Wood preservatives, multivariate analysis, near infrared spectroscopy, nondestructive testing, spectrum analysis, deterioration, weathering, preservatives, DDAC, Didecyl-dimethyl ammonium chloride, treated wood, chromated copper arsenate, CCA, durability, southern pine, wood decay, exposure tests
Source: WCTE 2006 : 9th World Conference on Timber Engineering, August 6-10, 2006, Portland, OR, USA : program and abstracts. Portland, Or. : World Conference on Timber Engineering, [2006]: [5] pages.
Year: 2006
The white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium employs extracellular enzymes to completely degrade the major polymers of wood: cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Analysis of a total of 10,048 v2.1 gene models predicts 769 secreted proteins, a substantial increase over the 268 models…
Author(s): Amber Vanden Wymelenberg, Patrick Minges, Grzegorz Sabat, Diego Martinez, Andrea Aerts, Asaf Salamov, Igor Grigoriev, Harris Shapiro, Nik Putnam, Paula Belinky, Carlos Dosoretz, Jill Gaskell, Phil Kersten, Dan Cullen
Keywords: Phanerochaete chrysosporium, secretion, secretome, proteome, gene cluster, proteins, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, gene expression, Basidiomycetes, wood-decaying fungi, enzymes, mass spectrometry, biodegradation, peptides, genomes, molecular genetics, fungi, industrial applications, wood decay, white rot
Source: Fungal genetics and biology. Vol. 43 (2006): pages 343-356.
Year: 2006
Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) wood blocks were decayed by Postia (= Poria) placenta in soilblock cultures. Decay was terminated at various weight losses, and the pore volumes available to four low molecular weight molecules, (water, 4 Å,; glucose, 8 Å,; maltose, 10 Å; and raffinose, 128,)…
Author(s): Douglas S. Flournoy, T. Kent Kirk, T.L. Highley
Keywords: Brown-rot fungi, pore size, cell wall volume, wood decay, cellulose, depolymerization, sweetgum, Liquidambar styraciflua, Postia placenta, wood destroying fungi, cell ultrastructure, pore volume, cell walls, wood anatomy
Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 45, no. 5 (Oct. 1991): pages 383-388.
Year: 1991